Kenneth Craig Hyams

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An RNA virus, designated hepatitis G virus (HGV), was identified from the plasma of a patient with chronic hepatitis. Extension from an immunoreactive complementary DNA clone yielded the entire genome (9392 nucleotides) encoding a polyprotein of 2873 amino acids. The virus is closely related to GB virus C (GBV-C) and distantly related to hepatitis C virus,(More)
One hundred consecutive patients admitted to the Port Sudan Hospital with a temperature greater than or equal to 100 degrees F were evaluated. Enteric fever was diagnosed in 19 patients and malaria in 13. Virologic studies identified 21 cases of dengue infection. One dengue 1 and 17 dengue 2 infections were diagnosed by viral isolation. Three untyped dengue(More)
Recurring outbreaks of acute hepatitis have been a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among Peruvian military personnel stationed in the Amazon Basin region of Peru. The role of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection was investigated as the possible cause of acute hepatitis among 88 military patients stationed at four(More)
BACKGROUND It has been argued that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a timeless condition, which existed before it was codified in modern diagnostic classifications but was described by different names such as 'railway spine' and 'shellshock'. Others have suggested that PTSD is a novel presentation that has resulted from a modern interaction between(More)
A newly developed Western blot assay for antibody to hepatitis E virus (anti-HEV) was used to evaluate 39 cases of acute pediatric hepatitis and 39 control patients in Khartoum, Sudan. The mean age of cases was 6.5 years (range, 2-14); 64% were male. Acute hepatitis A (IgM anti-HAV-positive) was diagnosed in 13 cases, acute hepatitis B (IgM(More)
The current crisis in Afghanistan has resulted in an influx of Western military personnel, peacekeepers, humanitarian workers, and journalists. At the same time, unprecedented numbers of internally displaced persons and refugees have overwhelmed much of the already fragile infrastructure, setting the stage for outbreaks of infectious diseases among both(More)
A bibliographic search was conducted of English-language articles dealing with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection to evaluate the risk of chronicity following acute infection. Chronic HBV infection was defined as carriage of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) for at least 6 months. On the basis of incidence studies employing standard serological(More)
To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for hepatitis B infection in rural Sudan, 2 villages in the Gezira were surveyed. There were 851 subjects (age 1-89 years; mean age 24.6 years) of equal sex distribution, 408 from Khalawaat and 443 from Saleim. HBsAg was found in 18.7%, and seropositivity for any hepatitis marker (HBsAg, anti-HBs, or anti-HBc)(More)
The first confirmed outbreak of dengue fever in Peru occurred during 1990 in Iquitos, a city of approximately 300,000 residents in the Amazon region. Because of the apparent establishment of endemic transmission of this mosquito-borne viral disease following the outbreak, epidemiologic studies were initiated in 1992. Blood specimens and data on demographic,(More)
Children with diarrhea presenting to a Government Rehydration Center in Aswan, Egypt, were investigated to determine the etiology and clinical presentation of acute childhood diarrhea in southern Egypt. Among 126 outpatients and 25 inpatients with diarrhea (mean age 18 months), enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) (17% of cases), Cryptosporidium (9%),(More)