Kenneth Coyle

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The immediate serial recall of lipread material is disrupted by irrelevant speech (Campbell & Dodd, 1984; Jones, 1994) and by articulatory suppression (Campbell & Dodd, 1984). However, the interaction between these has not been directly examined. In Exp 1, participants recalled silently presented lipread digits in conditions of quiet, irrelevant speech,(More)
The study reported here examined the effects of experimentally induced minor illnesses (colds and influenza) on the efficiency of human performance. Influenza impaired the ability to detect and respond quickly to stimuli appearing at irregular intervals, but had no effect on a task requiring hand-eye coordination. In contrast to this, colds impaired(More)
Trimetazidine has an anti-ischemic effect in angina pectoris. This agent has no hemodynamic effects, and its benefit is presumed to be based on a metabolic mechanism of action. A group of 33 dogs undergoing openchest left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation causing prolonged ischemia were imaged with quantitative positron emission tomography(More)
In two studies experimentally induced colds slowed the speed of response in a serial reaction task. Responding was also slower during the incubation period of the illness, which shows that performance on such a task may be used to predict subsequent illness. Volunteers who had no significant clinical illness, but who had a significant rise in IgG following(More)
Studies of experimentally induced respiratory infections and illnesses showed that influenza impaired performance on a visual search task but had no effect on a simple motor task, whereas colds impaired the motor task but not the search task. The effect of influenza on the search task was observed in both volunteers with significant clinical symptoms and(More)
The effects of three doses of interferon alpha (IFNα, 1.5 Mu, 0.5 Mu and 0.1 Mu) on performance, mood and physiological function were examined in a double-blind placebo controlled trial. The subjects given an injection of 1.5 Mu showed symptoms which closely resembled those seen in influenza, although most of the symptoms had gone by the next day. All of(More)
A brief advance of the presentation of distant nontargets has previously been shown to secure them an analysis, suggesting that even stimuli beyond the putative 'spotlight' of attention are analysed. In the present experiment nontargets were presented near to fixation or peripherally (at 0.6 or 1.9 deg of visual angle) for a duration of 17, 33, or 67 ms(More)
Four experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of experimentally-induced colds on various aspects of memory of 27, 47, 39, and 30 adults. Free recall, digit span, and retrieval from semantic memory were unaffected by having a cold. Immediate recognition of important information from a story was impaired in subjects with colds, which suggests(More)
To define the hemodynamic effects of bepridil in patients with depressed left ventricular (LV) function, 22 patients with an LV ejection fraction (EF) of 0.45 or less were studied before and after 2 mg/kg (n = 11) and 4 mg/kg (n = 11) of intravenous bepridil. Maximal hemodynamic effects were evident between 15 and 30 minutes after drug infusion. After 2(More)
of Proposed Work (250 words or less): NPRB is currently supporting a long term observation program (LTOP) to continue sampling the Seward Line after the GLOBEC project completed field collection in 2004. The LTOP effort is directed toward maintaining observations to elucidate the ecosystem response to physical forcing on the Gulf of Alaska (GOA) shelf.(More)