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Twenty-one aromatic amines or derivatives were tested for long-term toxicity by dietary administration to male Charles River rats and male and female HaM/lCR mice. 2,4-Toluenediamine, o-phenylenediamine, o-toluidine, 2,4,6-trimethylaniline, 2,4,5-trimethylaniline, 2,5-xylidine, and 1-chloro-2-nitrobenzene led to tumors in one or more tissues in all three of(More)
MOTIVATION The NanoString nCounter Platform is a new and promising technology for measuring nucleic acid abundances. It has several advantages over PCR-based techniques, including avoidance of amplification, direct sequence interrogation and digital detection for absolute quantification. These features minimize aspects of experimental error and hold promise(More)
BACKGROUND Available cancer statistics pertain primarily to white and African American populations. This study describes racial or ethnic patterns of cancer-specific survival and relative risks (RRs) of cancer death for all cancers combined and for cancers of the colon and rectum, lung and bronchus, prostate, and female breast for the 6 major US racial or(More)
OBJECTIVES We report cancer incidence, mortality, and stage distributions among Asians and Pacific Islanders (API) residing in the U.S. and note health disparities, using the cancer experience of the non-Hispanic white population as the referent group. New databases added to publicly available SEER*Stat software will enable public health researchers to(More)
BACKGROUND Most investigations of trends in cancer rates are based on a cross-sectional approach, i.e., an examination of trends in rates by year of diagnosis or death. When there are longitudinal effects (i.e., trends in rates with successive birth cohorts), interpretation of cross-sectional trends can be misleading. Based on cross-sectional comparisons,(More)
The implementation of a number of chemical carcinogen screening programs has been accompanied by the observation that some screens might have high false-positive error rates. With designs presently used at the National Cancer Institute and historical spontaneous tumor rates based upon control animals in previous experiments, we compute upper bounds on the(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical prognostic groupings for localised prostate cancers are imprecise, with 30-50% of patients recurring after image-guided radiotherapy or radical prostatectomy. We aimed to test combined genomic and microenvironmental indices in prostate cancer to improve risk stratification and complement clinical prognostic factors. METHODS We used(More)
BACKGROUND The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cancer registries have been collecting data regarding estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status in breast cancer since 1990. The current study reports on some of these data for eight racial/ethnic groups. METHODS Stratified by ER and PR status,(More)