Kenneth C . Petruk

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Solid tumors, including the aggressive primary brain cancer glioblastoma multiforme, develop resistance to cell death, in part as a result of a switch from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to cytoplasmic glycolysis. This metabolic remodeling is accompanied by mitochondrial hyperpolarization. We tested whether the small-molecule and orphan drug(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively compare standard radiation therapy (RT) with an abbreviated course of RT in older patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred patients with GBM, age 60 years or older, were randomly assigned after surgery to receive either standard RT (60 Gy in 30 fractions over 6 weeks) or a shorter course of RT(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) preferentially triggers apoptosis in tumor cells versus normal cells, thus providing a therapeutic potential. In this study, we examined a large panel of human malignant glioma cell lines and primary cultures of normal human astrocytes for their sensitivity to TRAIL. Of 13 glioma cell lines, 3(More)
OBJECTIVE Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is a rapid and minimally invasive method of detecting intracranial aneurysms. We wished to determine whether CTA could replace digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in the diagnosis and operative planning of ruptured cerebral aneurysms. METHODS In a prospective study, patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage(More)
A multicenter, randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial of nimodipine in poor-grade aneurysm patients was carried out in 17 Canadian hospitals. Of 188 patients enrolled in the trial, 32 were excluded for protocol violations and two were excluded due to statistical considerations, leaving 154 patients for valid outcome analysis. Nimodipine treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE The absorption of cerebrospinal fluid occurs primarily by means of arachnoid granulations (AG) in the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) and the lacunae laterales (LL) in the parasagittal dura. Previous descriptions of this region suggest a network of intradural channels, but finer details of extent and relationship between channels and AG were not(More)
Immunotherapies, although promising in preclinical studies, have not yet enhanced the survival of patients with glioblastomas. To further understand the immunobiology of glioblastomas in clinical settings, we examined 53 cytokine or cytokine receptor transcripts in 12 human glioblastomas and 6 human glioblastoma cell lines and correlated the findings with(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite advances in conventional therapy, the prognosis for most glioma patients remains dismal. This has prompted an intensive search for effective treatment alternatives. Immunotherapy, one such alternative, has long been recognized as a potentially potent cancer treatment but has been limited by an inadequate understanding of the immune system.(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family ligand TNF-alpha and Fas ligand (FasL) can trigger apoptosis in solid tumors, but their clinical usage has been limited by hepatotoxicity. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a newly identified member of the TNF family, and its clinical application currently is under a similar debate. Here, we report a(More)
OBJECTIVE Human gliomas are known to be immunosuppressive. Recent reports have suggested novel strategies to overcome this immunosuppression, including immunogene therapy. We examined expression of 10 immunologically important molecules by human gliomas in vitro, and we discuss the implications for immunogene therapy. METHODS Early passage human glioma(More)