Kenneth C. Morton

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The metabolism of 4,4'-methylene-bis-2-chloroaniline (MOCA) was investigated because it is an animal carcinogen to which humans have been exposed. In CD rats, where MOCA is a hepatocarcinogen, less than or equal to 0.2% of an oral dose of [14C]MOCA was recovered unchanged in the urine; enzymatic hydrolysis and extraction of urinary radioactivity indicated(More)
To evaluate the role of metabolism in benzidine (BZ) carcinogenesis, BZ and 2 or its metabolites, N,N'-diacetylbenzidine and N-hydroxy-N,N'-diacetylbenzidine (NOHDABZ), were given by i.p. injection to female CD rats twice weekly for 4 weeks beginning at 30 days of age. A preliminary dose-response test showed that NOHDABZ was the most toxic compound; it(More)
Prostaglandin H synthase mediates the reaction of an extensive series of carcinogenic arylamines with tRNA. Structure-activity relationships suggest that benzidine is especially reactive due to extended conjugation between the 4,4'-diamino groups. In trapping experiments with homopolyribonucleotides, benzidine reacts with polyguanylic acid but(More)
The Ames Salmonella/microsome test was used to compare the mutagenic response of Salmonella typhimurium TA100, TA98, TA1538, and TA1535 to 12 benzidine derivatives, ie, benzidine, 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine, 3,3'-dimethylbenzidine, 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine, and the corresponding N- and N,N'-diacetylated derivatives. With a few exceptions, the mutagenic response(More)
The mutagenic activity of a group of diazo dyes based on benzidine and its congeners was compared following metabolic activation of the dyes through sequential reduction and oxidation. The dyes were reduced by incubating them with either a suspension of rat cecal flora or a hamster S9 mix supplemented with flavin mononucleotide. The products of dye(More)
Congo red, an azo dye derived from benzidine, and 2-azoxyfluorene, a derivative of 2-aminofluorene, were reduced during overnight incubation with a suspension of rat intestinal bacteria. High performance liquid chromatography and ultraviolet spectral analysis verified the presence of benzidine in extracts of the Congo red incubations and 2-aminofluorene in(More)
Urinary N-hydroxy metabolites of carcinogenic arylamines were investigated for their abilities to induce unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) in human urothelial cell lines HCV 29, HU 1734, and HU 1752, and in a primary culture of human urothelial cells. N-Hydroxy-2-aminofluorene (CAS: 53-94-1; N-OH-AF), N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (CAS: 53-95-2; N-OH-AAF),(More)
Urinary N-hydroxy metabolites of the bladder carcinogens, 2-aminofluorene and 4-aminobiphenyl, were examined for the induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) in urothelial cells of several susceptible species. N-Hydroxy-2-aminofluorene, N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (N-OH-AAF), N-hydroxy-4-aminobiphenyl, N-hydroxy-4-acetylaminobiphenyl, and the(More)