Kenneth C. Millett

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Polygonal knots are embeddings of polygons in three space. For each n, the collection of embedded n-gons determines a subset of Euclidean space whose structure is the subject of this paper. Which knots can be constructed with a specified number of edges? What is the likelihood that a randomly chosen polygon of n-edges will be a knot of a specific(More)
While analyzing all available protein structures for the presence of knots and slipknots, we detected a strict conservation of complex knotting patterns within and between several protein families despite their large sequence divergence. Because protein folding pathways leading to knotted native protein structures are slower and less efficient than those(More)
Using numerical simulations we investigate how overall dimensions of random knots scale with their length. We demonstrate that when closed non-self-avoiding random trajectories are divided into groups consisting of individual knot types, then each such group shows the scaling exponent of approximately 0.588 that is typical for self-avoiding walks. However,(More)
The protein topology database KnotProt, http://knotprot.cent.uw.edu.pl/, collects information about protein structures with open polypeptide chains forming knots or slipknots. The knotting complexity of the cataloged proteins is presented in the form of a matrix diagram that shows users the knot type of the entire polypeptide chain and of each of its(More)
Polypeptide chains form open knots in many proteins. How these knotted proteins fold and finding the evolutionary advantage provided by these knots are among some of the key questions currently being studied in the protein folding field. The detection and identification of protein knots are substantial challenges. Different methods and many variations of(More)
A mathematical knot is simply a closed curve in three-space. Classifying open knots, or knots that have not been closed, is a relatively unexplored area of knot theory. In this note, we report on our study of open random walks of varying length, creating a collection of open knots. Following the strategy of Millett, Dobay and Stasiak, an open knot is closed(More)
Most proteins, in order to perform their biological function, have to fold to a compact native state. The increasing number of knotted and slipknotted proteins identified suggests that proteins are able to manoeuvre around topological barriers during folding. In the present article, we review the current progress in elucidating the knotting process in(More)
We utilize a recently discovered, powerful method to classify the topological state of knots and catenanes. In this method, each such form is associated with a unique polynomial. These polynomials allow a rigorous determination of whether knotted or catenated DNA molecules that appear distinct actually are, and indicate the structure of related molecules. A(More)