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The composition of peripheral blood leukocyte populations was studied following experimental PCV2-infection in 3-week-old piglets. Four of 10 PCV2-infected piglets developed clinical and pathological symptoms consistent with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) between 14 and 21 days post-inoculation (p.i.), and were characterised as(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) represents one of the most economically important diseases of farm animals. The basis for the threat caused by this virus is the high speed of replication, short incubation time, high contagiousness, and high mutation rate resulting in constant antigenic changes. Thus, although protective immune responses against FMD virus(More)
Natural IFN-producing cells (NIPC), also called plasmacytoid dendritic cells, represent an essential component of the innate immune defense against infection. Despite this, not much is known about the pathways involved in their activation by non-enveloped viruses. The present study demonstrates that the non-enveloped foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV)(More)
Natural interferon-producing cells (NIPC), also referred to as immature plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC), constitute a small population of leucocytes secreting high levels of type I interferons in response to certain danger signals. Amongst these signals are those from DNA containing unmethylated CpG motifs. The present work demonstrated that the CpG(More)
Efficient induction of mucosal immunity usually employs nasal or oral vaccination while parenteral immunization generally is ineffective at generating mucosal immune responses. This relates to the unique ability of resident mucosal dendritic cells (DC) to induce IgA switching and to imprint mucosa-specific homing receptors on lymphocytes. Based on the(More)
Pigs were vaccinated with the emergency inactivated foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) vaccine--water-in-oil-in-water emulsion with Montanide ISA206--known to protect after 3-5 days. Peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) sub-populations did not differ between vaccinates and controls post-vaccination. There was neither lymphopenia nor inflammatory reaction.(More)
Despite the central role that dendritic cells (DC) play in immune regulation and antigen presentation, little is known about porcine DC. In this study, two sources of DC were employed. Bone marrow haematopoietic cell-derived DC (BM-DC) were generated using granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the presence or absence of tumour(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection of natural interferon producing cells (NIPCs) impairs the induction of interferon (IFN)-alpha and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha by cytosine-phosphorothioate-guanine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), thereby preventing both their autocrine maturation and the paracrine maturation of myeloid dendritic cells(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) nucleic acid and/or antigens are consistently observed in cells of monocytic morphology in lesions of pigs affected by post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). In this study, PCV2 antigen was detected in the cytoplasm of monocytes, pulmonary macrophages (PMs) and monocyte-derived macrophages exposed to the virus(More)