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Natural IFN-producing cells (NIPC), also called plasmacytoid dendritic cells, represent an essential component of the innate immune defense against infection. Despite this, not much is known about the pathways involved in their activation by non-enveloped viruses. The present study demonstrates that the non-enveloped foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV)(More)
The composition of peripheral blood leukocyte populations was studied following experimental PCV2-infection in 3-week-old piglets. Four of 10 PCV2-infected piglets developed clinical and pathological symptoms consistent with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) between 14 and 21 days post-inoculation (p.i.), and were characterised as(More)
Pigs were vaccinated with the emergency inactivated foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) vaccine--water-in-oil-in-water emulsion with Montanide ISA206--known to protect after 3-5 days. Peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) sub-populations did not differ between vaccinates and controls post-vaccination. There was neither lymphopenia nor inflammatory reaction.(More)
Despite the central role that dendritic cells (DC) play in immune regulation and antigen presentation, little is known about porcine DC. In this study, two sources of DC were employed. Bone marrow haematopoietic cell-derived DC (BM-DC) were generated using granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the presence or absence of tumour(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) represents one of the most economically important diseases of farm animals. The basis for the threat caused by this virus is the high speed of replication, short incubation time, high contagiousness, and high mutation rate resulting in constant antigenic changes. Thus, although protective immune responses against FMD virus(More)
Avian influenza viruses (AIV) raise worldwide veterinary and public health concerns due to their potential for zoonotic transmission. While infection with highly pathogenic AIV results in high mortality in chickens, this is not necessarily the case in wild birds and ducks. It is known that innate immune factors can contribute to the outcome of infection. In(More)
Infection of pigs with classical swine fever virus (CSFV), a member of the Flaviviridae family, causes a severe leukopenia, particularly notable with the lymphocytes. The goal of this study was to analyze mechanisms behind this CSFV-induced lymphopenia. To this end, the kinetics of leukocyte depletion, the appearance of apoptotic cells, and virus infection(More)
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) replicates efficiently in cell lines and monocytic cells, including macrophages (MPhi), without causing a cytopathic effect or inducing interferon (IFN) secretion. In the present study, the capacity of CSFV to interfere with cellular antiviral activity was investigated. When the porcine kidney cell line SK-6 was infected(More)
Natural interferon-producing cells (NIPC), also called plasmacytoid dendritic cells, are the most potent producers of IFN-alpha in response to viral and bacterial components, serving an important function in innate immune defences. The present work demonstrates that NIPC responsiveness can be primed by immunisation, increasing their capacity to produce(More)
Efficient induction of mucosal immunity usually employs nasal or oral vaccination while parenteral immunization generally is ineffective at generating mucosal immune responses. This relates to the unique ability of resident mucosal dendritic cells (DC) to induce IgA switching and to imprint mucosa-specific homing receptors on lymphocytes. Based on the(More)