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1. Possible mechanisms responsible for the increases in intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and sodium ([Na+]i) levels seen during metabolic inhibition were investigated by continuous [Ca2+]i and [Na+]i measurement in cultured rat cerebellar granule cells. An initial small mitochondrial Ca2+ release was seen, followed by a large influx of extracellular Ca2+. A(More)
MOTIVATION The NanoString nCounter Platform is a new and promising technology for measuring nucleic acid abundances. It has several advantages over PCR-based techniques, including avoidance of amplification, direct sequence interrogation and digital detection for absolute quantification. These features minimize aspects of experimental error and hold promise(More)
Despite the use of clinical prognostic factors (PSA, T-category and Gleason score), 20-60% of localized prostate cancers (PCa) fail primary local treatment. Herein, we determined the prognostic importance of main sensors of the DNA damage response (DDR): MRE11A, RAD50, NBN, ATM, ATR and PRKDC. We studied copy number alterations in DDR genes in localized PCa(More)
Pharmacological inactivation of oncogenes is being investigated as a possible therapeutic strategy for cancer. One potential drawback is that cessation of such therapy may allow reactivation of the oncogene and tumor regrowth. We used a conditional transgenic mouse model for MYC-induced tumorigenesis to demonstrate that brief inactivation of MYC results in(More)
OBJECTIVES We report cancer incidence, mortality, and stage distributions among Asians and Pacific Islanders (API) residing in the U.S. and note health disparities, using the cancer experience of the non-Hispanic white population as the referent group. New databases added to publicly available SEER*Stat software will enable public health researchers to(More)
MicroRNAs are small regulatory RNAs that post transcriptionally control gene expression. Reduced expression of DICER, the enzyme involved in microRNA processing, is frequently observed in cancer and is associated with poor clinical outcome in various malignancies. Yet, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we identify tumour hypoxia as a(More)
Most proteins destined for the extracellular space require disulfide bonds for folding and stability. Disulfide bonds are introduced co- and post-translationally in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) cargo in a redox relay that requires a terminal electron acceptor. Oxygen can serve as the electron acceptor in vitro, but its role in vivo remains unknown. Hypoxia(More)
It is still uncertain whether the Na+-dependent Cl--HCO3- exchanger (NCBE) is expressed in mammalian astrocytes. Using fluorescent indicators to monitor the intracellular pH (pHi) and intracellular Na+ or Cl- levels, the NCBE in cultured rat cerebellar astrocytes was examined in detail. In nominally bicarbonate-free (Hepes-buffered) medium, a marked pHi(More)
The mechanism involved in N-methyl-D-glucamine (NMDA)-induced Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular acidosis is not clear. In this study, we investigated in detail several possible mechanisms using cultured rat cerebellar granule cells and microfluorometry [fura 2-AM or 2', 7'-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein-AM]. When 100 microM NMDA or 40 mM KCl was(More)
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