Kenneth. B. Storey

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The effects of anoxic submergence (20 h at 5°C) and subsequent 24 h aerobic recovery on the antioxidant systems of six organs were examined in freshwater turtles, Trachemys scripta elegans. Both xanthine oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase were detected in turtle tissues with xanthine oxidase composing 36–75% of the total activity. Turtle organs displayed(More)
Iron ions play a central role in ·OH radicals formation and induction of oxidative stress in living organisms. Ironcatalyzed ·OH radical formation degrades deoxyribose to thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBA-RS). This paper analyzes kinetic properties of the Fe(III)-EDTA-catalyzed deoxyribose degradation in the presence of ascorbate. The yield of(More)
Biochemical mechanisms underlying anaerobiosis were assessed in two Mediterranean bivalve species, Scapharca inaequivalvis and Venus gallina, with widely differing tolerances for oxygen lack. These species displayed LT50 values for anoxic survival at 17–18°C of 17 and 4 d, respectively. Succinate and alanine were the major products of 24 h anaerobic(More)
Changes in [35S]methionine protein labeling patterns were examined by following incorporation into the acid precipitate protein fraction of land snails,Otala lactea (Müller) (Pulmonata, Helicidae). Labeled proteins were analyzed by SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing columns. Snails in four different physiological states were(More)
Glutathione reductase (GR) is a homodimeric flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) using NADPH as a cofactor. The enzyme is a major component of cellular defense mechanisms against oxidative injury. In this study, GR was purified from the liver of the anoxia-tolerant turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans. The overall fold(More)
The oxygen consumption rate of Scapharca inaequivalvis measured under normoxic conditions over 48 h showed a significant daily cycle with lowest values occurring shortly after the dark period; all hypoxia exposure experiments were carried out during the declining part of the cycle. Animals were exposed to a constant level of hypoxia for a 12-h period in a(More)
Protein kinase C from the anoxia-tolerant turtle Pseudemys scripta elegans was investigated to determine its role in mediating changes in brain metabolism associated with anoxia. Measurements of protein kinase C distribution in cytosol and membrane-associated fractions of cerebrum and hindbrain were performed with warm (18 °C)- and cold (7 °C)-acclimated(More)
Freeze tolerance is a critical winter survival strategy for the wood frog, Rana sylvatica. In response to freezing, a number of genes are upregulated to facilitate the survival response. This includes fr10, a novel freeze-responsive gene first identified in R. sylvatica. This study analyzes the transcriptional expression of fr10 in seven tissues in response(More)
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