Kenneth B. Storey

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A computer program that allows the preparation of buffers containing known concentrations of metal-ligand complexes at defined pH values and temperatures is described. Ligands are defined as compounds that bind metals and may include AMP, ADP, ATP, GMP, GDP, GTP, EGTA, EDTA, BAPTA, phosphate, sulfate, chloride, monocarboxylic acids, dicarboxylic acids,(More)
Metabolic rate depression is an important survival strategy for many animal species and a common element of hibernation, torpor, aestivation, anaerobiosis, diapause, and anhydrobiosis. Studies of the biochemical mechanisms that regulate reversible transitions to and from hypometabolic states are identifying principles of regulatory control that are(More)
For many animals, the best defense against harsh environmental conditions is an escape to a hypometabolic or dormant state. Facultative metabolic rate depression is the common adaptive strategy of anaerobiosis, hibernation, and estivation, as well as a number of other arrested states. By reducing metabolic rate by a factor ranging from 5 to 100 fold or(More)
As a consequence of aerobic life, an organism must deal with the continuous generation of reactive oxygen species (O2-, H202, .OH) as byproducts of metabolism and defend itself against the harm that these can do to cellular macromolecules. Organisms protect themselves from such damage with both enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant defenses. However, the(More)
Natural freeze-tolerance supports the winter survival of many animals including numerous terrestrial insects, many intertidal marine invertebrates, and selected species of terrestrially hibernating amphibians and reptiles. Freeze-tolerant animals typically endure the conversion of 50% or more of total body water into extracellular ice and employ a suite of(More)
Commonly used spectrophotometric methods for determining the extent of lipid peroxidation in animal tissue extracts, such as measurements of diene conjugation and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), have been criticized for their lack of specificity. This study shows that lipid hydroperoxides can be effectively quantified in animal tissue(More)
Entry into a hypometabolic state is an important survival strategy for many organisms when challenged by environmental stress, including low oxygen, cold temperatures and lack of food or water. The molecular mechanisms that regulate transitions to and from hypometabolic states, and stabilize long-term viability during dormancy, are proving to be highly(More)
We describe the genome of the western painted turtle, Chrysemys picta bellii, one of the most widespread, abundant, and well-studied turtles. We place the genome into a comparative evolutionary context, and focus on genomic features associated with tooth loss, immune function, longevity, sex differentiation and determination, and the species' physiological(More)
During arousal from estivation oxygen consumption by land snails (Otala lactea) increases severalfold. To determine whether snails prepared for an accompanying rise in the rates of oxyradical generation by altering their antioxidant defense mechanisms, changes in the activities of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation products were quantified in foot(More)