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OBJECTIVE Vitamin D deficiency is recognized as a global public health problem, but the population-based prevalence of deficiency and its determinants in Australian adults is not known. This study evaluated the vitamin D status of Australian adults aged ≥25 years and risk factors associated with vitamin D deficiency in this population. DESIGN AND PATIENTS(More)
De Ritis described the ratio between the serum levels of aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) almost 50 years ago. While initially described as a characteristic of acute viral hepatitis where ALT was usually higher than AST, other authors have subsequently found it useful in alcoholic hepatitis, where AST is usually higher than ALT.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and dietary calcium predict incident type 2 diabetes and insulin sensitivity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 6,537 of the 11,247 adults evaluated in 1999-2000 in the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study, returned for oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in(More)
CONTEXT Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration has been inversely associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), but the relationship between 25(OH)D and incident MetS remains unclear. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the prospective association between 25(OH)D, MetS, and its components in a large population-based cohort of adults aged 25(More)
Abstract Laboratory diagnostics (i.e., the total testing process) develops conventionally through a virtual loop, originally referred to as "the brain to brain cycle" by George Lundberg. Throughout this complex cycle, there is an inherent possibility that a mistake might occur. According to reliable data, preanalytical errors still account for nearly(More)
BACKGROUND Interpretative commenting constitutes an important aspect of the post-analytical phase in chemical pathology, but has only recently been the subject of quality assessment. The Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia (RCPA)-Australasian Association of Clinical Biochemists (AACB) Chemical Pathology Patient Report Comments Program is currently(More)
Although manufacturers are compelled by the European IVD Directive, 98/79/EC, to have traceability of the values assigned to their calibrators if suitable higher order reference materials and/or procedures are available, there is still no equivalence of results for many measurands determined in clinical laboratories. The adoption of assays with metrological(More)
OBJECTIVE—To examine whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and dietary calcium predict incident type 2 diabetes and insulin sensitivity. study, returned for oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in 2004–2005. We studied those without diabetes who had complete data at baseline (n = 5,200; mean age 51 years; 55% were women; 92% were Europids). Serum 25OHD(More)
Obesity is essentially an excessive accumulation of triacylglycerols in fatty tissue that is the net result of excessive energy intake compared to energy usage. Severe forms of the disease are most likely to have a predominantly genetic basis and this is probably polygenic. The 'thrifty gene' hypothesis also describes the disturbance that a modern(More)