Kenneth Alan Koeplinger

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Odanacatib is a potent cathespin K inhibitor that is being developed as a novel therapy for osteoporosis. The disposition and metabolism of odanacatib were evaluated in rats, dogs, and rhesus monkeys after intravenous and oral administration of [¹⁴C]odanacatib. Odanacatib was characterized by low systemic clearance in all species and by a long plasma(More)
Administration of delavirdine, an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor, to rats or monkeys resulted in apparent loss of hepatic microsomal CYP3A and delavirdine desalkylation activity. Human CYP3A catalyzes the formation of desalkyl delavirdine and 6'-hydroxy delavirdine, an unstable metabolite, while CYP2D6 catalyzes only desalkyl delavirdine. CYP2D6(More)
BACKGROUND Caspases are a family of cysteine proteases that have important intracellular roles in inflammation and apoptosis. Caspase-8 activates downstream caspases which are unable to carry out autocatalytic processing and activation. Caspase-8 is designated as an initiator caspase and is believed to sit at the apex of the Fas- or TNF-mediated apoptotic(More)
Many pharmacokinetic analyses require unbound plasma concentrations, including prediction of clearance, volume of distribution, drug-drug interactions, brain uptake analysis, etc. It is most often more convenient to measure the total drug concentration in plasma rather than the unbound drug concentration. To arrive at unbound plasma concentrations, separate(More)
Desorption electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (DESI-MS/MS) and whole-body autoradiography (WBA) were used for chemical imaging of whole-body thin tissue sections of mice intravenously dosed with propranolol (7.5 mg/kg). DESI-MS/MS imaging utilized selected reaction monitoring detection performed on an AB/MDS SCIEX 4000 QTRAP mass spectrometer(More)
The disposition of vorinostat, an anticancer agent, was investigated in rats and dogs. Vorinostat possessed high serum clearance, a short elimination half-life and low oral bioavailability in both species. The renal route played an important role in the elimination of drug-related material and vorinostat was eliminated primarily by metabolic(More)
A self-aspirating, liquid microjunction surface sampling probe/electrospray emitter mass spectrometry system was demonstrated for use in the direct analysis of spotted and dosed drugs and their metabolites in thin tissue sections. Proof-of-principle sampling and analysis directly from tissue without the need for sample preparation was demonstrated first by(More)
Efforts to develop novel, interferon-sparing therapies for treatment of chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection are contingent on the ability of combination therapies consisting of direct antiviral inhibitors to achieve a sustained virologic response. This work demonstrates a proof of concept that coadministration of the nucleoside analogue MK-0608 with the(More)