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Administration of delavirdine, an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor, to rats or monkeys resulted in apparent loss of hepatic microsomal CYP3A and delavirdine desalkylation activity. Human CYP3A catalyzes the formation of desalkyl delavirdine and 6'-hydroxy delavirdine, an unstable metabolite, while CYP2D6 catalyzes only desalkyl delavirdine. CYP2D6(More)
Odanacatib is a potent cathespin K inhibitor that is being developed as a novel therapy for osteoporosis. The disposition and metabolism of odanacatib were evaluated in rats, dogs, and rhesus monkeys after intravenous and oral administration of [¹⁴C]odanacatib. Odanacatib was characterized by low systemic clearance in all species and by a long plasma(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects an estimated 170 million individuals worldwide and is associated with an increased incidence of liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Currently approved therapies to treat HCV infection consist of combinations of pegylated alpha interferon and ribavirin which result in a sustained viral response in 40 to(More)
Odanacatib is a selective inhibitor of the cathepsin K enzyme that is expressed in osteoclasts involved in the degradation of bone organic matrix, and is being developed as a novel treatment of osteoporosis. Odanacatib has demonstrated increases in bone mineral density in postmenopausal women and is undergoing a pivotal phase III trial. The absorption,(More)
BACKGROUND Caspases are a family of cysteine proteases that have important intracellular roles in inflammation and apoptosis. Caspase-8 activates downstream caspases which are unable to carry out autocatalytic processing and activation. Caspase-8 is designated as an initiator caspase and is believed to sit at the apex of the Fas- or TNF-mediated apoptotic(More)
Many pharmacokinetic analyses require unbound plasma concentrations, including prediction of clearance, volume of distribution, drug-drug interactions, brain uptake analysis, etc. It is most often more convenient to measure the total drug concentration in plasma rather than the unbound drug concentration. To arrive at unbound plasma concentrations, separate(More)
Efforts to develop novel, interferon-sparing therapies for treatment of chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection are contingent on the ability of combination therapies consisting of direct antiviral inhibitors to achieve a sustained virologic response. This work demonstrates a proof of concept that coadministration of the nucleoside analogue MK-0608 with the(More)
A self-aspirating, liquid microjunction surface sampling probe/electrospray emitter mass spectrometry system was demonstrated for use in the direct analysis of spotted and dosed drugs and their metabolites in thin tissue sections. Proof-of-principle sampling and analysis directly from tissue without the need for sample preparation was demonstrated first by(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects an estimated 170 million individuals worldwide, and the current standard of care, a combination of pegylated interferon alpha and ribavirin, is efficacious in achieving sustained viral response in ~50% of treated patients. Novel therapies under investigation include the use of nucleoside analog inhibitors of the viral(More)