Kenneth A. Rogers

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In pathogenic HIV and SIV infections of humans and rhesus macaques (RMs), preferential depletion of CD4⁺ Th17 cells correlates with mucosal immune dysfunction and disease progression. Interleukin (IL)-21 promotes differentiation of Th17 cells, long-term maintenance of functional CD8⁺ T cells, and differentiation of memory B cells and antibody-secreting(More)
PD-1 expression is generally associated with exhaustion of T cells during chronic viral infections based on the finding that PD-1 expressing cells respond poorly to antigen activation and blockade of PD-1/PD-ligand interaction restores such antigen specific responses in vitro. We tested this hypothesis by examining PD-1 expression on virus-specific CD8 T(More)
Chronic immune activation (IA) is considered as the driving force of CD4(+) T cell depletion and AIDS. Fundamental clues in the mechanisms that regulate IA could lie in natural hosts of SIV, such as African green monkeys (AGMs). Here we investigated the role of innate immune cells and IFN-α in the control of IA in AGMs. AGMs displayed significant NK cell(More)
Although XMRV dissemination in humans is a matter of debate, the prostate of select patients seem to harbor XMRV, which raises questions about its potential route of transmission. We established a model of infection in rhesus macaques inoculated with XMRV. In spite of the intravenous inoculation, all infected macaques exhibited readily detectable XMRV(More)
Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus-related Retrovirus (XMRV) was identified from prostate cancer tissue using DNA based ViroChip technology as well as in a cohort of chronic fatigue syndrome patients. To delineate the infection dynamics and dissemination in vivo, we have thus far infected 7 healthy rhesus macaques and 2 pig-tailed macaques. Results show that(More)
After spinal cord injury, abnormal responses of spinal cord neurons to sensory input lead to conditions such as autonomic dysreflexia, urinary bladder dyssynergia, muscle spasticity and chronic pain syndromes. These responses suggest that the spinal cord undergoes marked reorganization after an injury. In previous studies, we demonstrated changes in(More)
The retrograde tracer 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI) was used to label sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) and motoneurons (MN) in postmortem human spinal cord. Seven months after microinjection of DiI into the ventral part of spinal thoracic segments T4 and T8, DiI-labelled neurons were identified and analyzed.(More)
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