Kenneth A. Rogers

Learn More
P-glycoprotein, the multidrug resistance protein that actively transports a wide variety of lipophilic substrates out of cancer cells, has recently been described in some normal tissues, including the endothelium of the brain and testes. Here we show that P-glycoprotein is also expressed in ovarian endothelium. In ovarian capillaries, the immunolabeled(More)
Unless a costimulatory signal is provided, TCR recognition of Ag bound to the MHC is insufficient to induce optimal T cell proliferation or the production of IL-2. Here we show that the stimulation of CD28, a T cell costimulatory receptor, by a specific Ab increases F-actin contents in T cells. The interaction between T cells and B7-2-transfected Chinese(More)
HIV/SIV infections induce chronic immune activation with remodeling of lymphoid architecture and hypergammaglobulinemia, although the mechanisms leading to such symptoms remain to be fully elucidated. Moreover, lymph nodes have been highlighted as a predilection site for SIV escape in vivo. Following 20 rhesus macaques infected with SIVmac239 as they(More)
A key feature differentiating nonpathogenic SIV infection of sooty mangabeys (SMs) from pathogenic HIV/SIV infections is the rapid resolution of type I IFN (IFN-I) responses and IFN-stimulated gene expression during the acute-to-chronic phase transition and the establishment of an immune quiescent state that persists throughout the chronic infection. We(More)
In pathogenic HIV and SIV infections of humans and rhesus macaques (RMs), preferential depletion of CD4⁺ Th17 cells correlates with mucosal immune dysfunction and disease progression. Interleukin (IL)-21 promotes differentiation of Th17 cells, long-term maintenance of functional CD8⁺ T cells, and differentiation of memory B cells and antibody-secreting(More)
The programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand-1 pathway has been shown to limit cell-mediated effector functions during chronic viral infections impeding clearance of pathogens. As a strategy to reverse this exhaustion and increase T cell polyfunctionality, PD-1 ligands were blocked in vivo using a recombinant macaque PD-1 fused to a(More)
Phenotypic and functional studies of the programmed death-1 (PD-1) molecule on CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells were performed on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from uninfected and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus macaques. These data demonstrated a rapid upregulation of PD-1 expression on tetramer-positive CD8(+) T cells from MamuA.01(+)(More)
Xenotropic murine leukemia-related virus (XMRV) was identified in association with human prostate cancer and chronic fatigue syndrome. To examine the infection potential, kinetics, and tissue distribution of XMRV in an animal model, we inoculated five macaques with XMRV intravenously. XMRV established a persistent, chronic disseminated infection, with low(More)
We have previously shown that interleukin-21, a pleiotropic C γ-chain signaling cytokine, induces the expression of the cytotoxic molecules granzyme B (GrB) and perforin in vitro in CD8 T cells and NK cells of chronically HIV infected individuals. In this pilot study, four chronically SIV infected rhesus macaques (RM) in late-stage disease were given two(More)
PD-1 expression is generally associated with exhaustion of T cells during chronic viral infections based on the finding that PD-1 expressing cells respond poorly to antigen activation and blockade of PD-1/PD-ligand interaction restores such antigen specific responses in vitro. We tested this hypothesis by examining PD-1 expression on virus-specific CD8 T(More)