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BACKGROUND Orthopedic surgery remains a condition at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Fondaparinux, the first of a new class of synthetic selective factor Xa inhibitors, may further reduce this risk compared with currently available thromboprophylactic treatments. METHODS A meta-analysis of 4 multicenter, randomized, double-blind trials in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite thromboprophylaxis, major knee surgery carries a high risk of venous thromboembolism. Fondaparinux, the first of a new class of synthetic antithrombotic agents, may reduce this risk. METHODS In a double-blind study, we randomly assigned 1049 consecutive patients undergoing elective major knee surgery to receive subcutaneous doses of(More)
BACKGROUND Elective hip-replacement surgery carries significant risk of venous thromboembolism, despite use of thromboprophylaxis. We aimed to see whether the pentasaccharide fondaparinux, the first drug of a new class of synthetic antithrombotic agents, could reduce this risk to a greater extent than other available treatments. METHODS In a double-blind(More)
This chapter describes the pharmacology of approved parenteral anticoagulants, including the indirect anticoagulants, unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs), fondaparinux, and danaparoid as well as the direct thrombin inhibitors hirudin, bivalirudin, and argatroban. UFH is a heterogeneous mixture of glycosaminoglycans that bind(More)
BACKGROUND Despite use of thromboprophylaxis, elective hip-replacement surgery carries a high risk of venous thromboembolic complications. We aimed to assess the ability of the pentasaccharide fondaparinux, the first of a new class of synthetic antithrombotic agents, to further reduce this risk. METHODS In a double-blind study, we randomly assigned 2309(More)
This article continues the review begun in a previous issue of the Journal, which considered the molecular basis and epidemiology of thrombophilia. In order to evaluate the contribution of genetic defects in the patho-genesis of thrombosis, the laboratory investigation should include a functional APC-R lest, determination of the factor V genotype and(More)
CONTEXT Plasma fibrinogen levels may be associated with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. OBJECTIVE To assess the relationships of fibrinogen levels with risk of major vascular and with risk of nonvascular outcomes based on individual participant data. DATA SOURCES Relevant studies were identified by computer-assisted searches, hand(More)
BACKGROUND BAY 59-7939, a novel, oral, direct factor Xa inhibitor, is in clinical development for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE), a frequent complication following orthopaedic surgery. METHODS In a multicenter, parallel-group, double-blind, double-dummy study, 621 patients undergoing elective total knee replacement were randomly assigned(More)
BACKGROUND Surgery for hip fracture carries a high risk of venous thromboembolism, despite the use of current thromboprophylactic treatments. Fondaparinux, a synthetic pentasaccharide, is a new antithrombotic agent that may reduce this risk. METHODS In a double-blind study, were randomly assigned 1711 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for fracture(More)
We investigated coagulation system activation following estrogen treatment in 29 healthy postmenopausal women. Study participants received conjugated estrogens at 0.625 and 1.25 mg per day, and placebo for 3-month periods in a randomized crossover protocol. Blood samples were obtained on two consecutive days at the end of each treatment period for(More)