Kenneth A. Ault

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Background:Previous analyses from a randomised trial in women aged 24–45 years have shown the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccine to be efficacious in the prevention of infection, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and external genital lesions (EGLs) related to HPV 6/11/16/18. In this report, we present end-of-study efficacy, safety, and(More)
To examine the possible receptor-ligand pairs mediating adhesion of activated and "unactivated" platelets to leukocytes and the kinetics of leukocyte-platelet binding, we developed a flow cytometric assay using isolated cell fractions to accurately measure heterotypic cell adhesion, including both total leukocyte-platelet conjugate formation as well as the(More)
In patients with diffuse large cell lymphoma (LCL), bone marrow involvement at the time of diagnosis is a poor prognostic sign. Since 1980, the authors have encountered 13 patients LCL who had simultaneous bone marrow involvement by small cleaved cell lymphoma (11 cases) or mixed small and LCL (two cases), a phenomenon known as "discordant" or "divergent"(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibitors of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor given intravenously have been shown to be effective in reducing ischemic complications after coronary angioplasty and in unstable angina, making this a promising new class of agents for the treatment and prevention of ischemic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Sibrafiban(More)
Direct flow cytometric measurement of nucleic acid content in individual platelets is possible using the fluorescent dye Thiazole Orange (Becton-Dickinson, San Jose, CA). When applied to studies of thrombocytopenic patients, platelets with elevated nucleic acid content ("reticulated platelets") can be identified and quantitated. Labeling of these platelets(More)
In both mice and humans, a subset of platelets can be identified that shows increased labeling with nucleic acid-specific fluorescent dyes, such as thiazole orange. Termed "reticulated platelets," they have been postulated to be platelets that have recently entered the circulation. Their numbers appear to reflect the rate of new platelet production in a(More)
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) has been identified in human platelets. Although platelet-derived nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to inhibit platelet recruitment in vitro, its role in the regulation of the hemostatic response in vivo has not been characterized. To define the role of platelet-derived NO in vivo, we studied mice that lacked a(More)
By the use of flow cytometric techniques, this prospective, randomized crossover study was designed to analyze intradialytic granulocyte reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in whole blood with complement-activating and noncomplement-activating hollow fiber membranes. Dialysis with a complement-activating membrane resulted in a 6.5-fold increase in(More)
Human tonsil cells were labeled with anti-leu-16, a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) that recognizes the CD20 antigen and that is specific for B cells. Two populations of B cells were identified by flow cytometry on the basis of antigen density. One labeled brightly with anti-Leu-16, and the other labeled at a level comparable to blood B cells. These two(More)
Platelet activation in inbred mouse strains was studied using expression of P-selectin as a marker of activated platelets. P-selectin expression in response to no added stimulus (spontaneous activation) or in response to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and epinephrine or thrombin, was assessed using a flow cytometric assay. Wide variation in the responsiveness(More)