Kennet Mugridge

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Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) has recently been shown to reduce the severity of experimental gastroduodenal damage and to inhibit acid secretion in the pylorus-ligated rat. In the present study, the effects of IL-1 beta on pentagastrin-stimulated acid secretion were compared with those of two other cytokines, namely IL-1 alpha and tumor necrosis factor(More)
Some non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs which inhibit arachidonate cyclo-oxygenease have been examined for their effects on leukocyte migration, prostaglandin production and oedema formation in carrageenin-induced inflammation in the rat. At doses which inhibited oedema, all the drugs tested caused a dose-dependent reduction in numbers of leukocytes and(More)
Administration of interleukin-1 (IL-1; 0.01-3 microgram/kg) by either i.p. or intragastric routes to rats reduced aspirin-induced gastric damage. These effects of IL-1 were not subject to desensitization by its pretreatment and were obtained without modification of the acute anti-inflammatory efficacy of aspirin. Gastroprotection could be effected without(More)
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) has been shown to reduce the severity of experimental gastroduodenal ulceration, but the mechanism of action is unclear. The present study examined the possibility that the mechanism underlying the protective effects of IL-1 in experimental nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastropathy is related to effects on gastric(More)
Annexin I, a member of the calcium- and phospholipid-binding annexin superfamily of proteins, is largely present in human neutrophils. To determine its exact intracellular distribution a combination of flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and electron microscopy analyses were performed on resting human neutrophils as well as on cells which had been(More)
Contractions elicited by CaCl2 on isolated rat stomach strip preparations have been reported to be potentiated by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta). We have investigated whether this effect can be reduced by the putative IL-1 beta antagonist, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha MSH). Additionally, the effects of alpha MSH on the specific binding of(More)
Limited knowledge exists concerning the interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor type (IL-1RT) mediating the potent antisecretory and gastro-protective actions of IL-1. In the present study, the gastric actions of IL-1 beta and two related mutant proteins, yIL-1 beta delta 4, an analogue that preferentially binds to IL-1-RTII, and mutant yIL-1 beta N7/Q, an analogue(More)
1. A novel anti-inflammatory peptide (residues 204-212) of human recombinant lipocortin 5 (hrLC5) found on the high similarity region with uteroglobin is described. 2. Peptide 204-212 dose-dependently inhibited the contractions of rat isolated stomach strips elicited by porcine pancreatic phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Contractions caused by arachidonic acid(More)
Injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) into the right hind paw of adrenalectomized (ADX) rats caused a lethal effect, maximal after 3 days. Treatment of animals with polyclonal sera raised against either murine recombinant (mr) IL-1 alpha or mrIL-1 beta gave significant protection, suggesting the involvement of this cytokine in the observed(More)
The effects of three anti-inflammatory drugs, which interfere with arachidonic acid transformation by three different enzymes, have been compared by using a simple model of tissue damage and foreign body rejection. In groups of control rats, subcutaneously implanted polyester sponges were rejected after a mean of 12 days. Indomethacin, which selectively(More)