Kennen B. MacKay

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Permanent or transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) using the intraluminal filament method. Successful occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) was achieved using 4/O filaments (terminal diameter 0.20-0.25 mm) coated with poly-L-lysine. The L-type calcium channel blocker isradipine (2.5 mg/kg)(More)
Whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-evoked inhibition of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF)-stimulated ACTH secretion was also manifest in ACTH secreting AtT-20 pituitary tumour cells was investigated. ANP stimulated increases in cGMP accumulation at concentrations of the peptide above 10(-8) M which indicates the presence of the ANP receptors on(More)
The effects of the kappa-1 opioid agonist CI-977 upon the volume of ischemic brain damage (defined using quantitative neuropathology) and local cerebral blood flow (CBF) (defined using quantitative [14C]iodoantipyrine autoradiography) have been examined at 4 h and 30 min, respectively, after permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in(More)
The binding of [3H]-U-69593 and [3H]-CI-977 to kappa-1 opioid receptors has been examined in the temporal cortex of postmortem brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease and age-matched controls using quantitative autoradiography. There was no significant difference between Alzheimer and control subjects in the level of [3H]-U-69593 and [3H]-CI-977(More)
The alterations in Alzheimer's disease (AD) of two binding sites in the striatum suggested to have a presynaptic localisation have been investigated by quantitative ligand binding autoradiography. Adenosine A1 binding sites labelled with [3H]cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) and kappa 1 opioid binding sites labelled with [3H]U-69593 were studied in adjacent(More)
For progression to clinical trials in stroke, putative neuroprotective compounds should show robust efficacy post-ischaemia in several experimental models of stroke. This paper describes the characterisation of (+)(1S, 2R)-cis-1-[4-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)phenoxy]-2-methylamino indane hydrochloride (SB-221420-A), a Ca(2+) and Na(+) channel antagonist.(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), the major serine/threonine phosphatase in eukaryotic cells, is a heterotrimeric protein composed of structural, catalytic, and targeting subunits. PP2A assembly is governed by a variety of mechanisms, one of which is carboxyl-terminal methylation of the catalytic subunit by the leucine carboxyl methyltransferase LCMT1. PP2A is(More)
The neuroprotective effects of recombinant neutrophil inhibitory factor (NIF) have been assessed with temporary (2 h) middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in the rat using the intraluminal suture technique. Administration of NIF (1.5 mg/kg, i.v.) immediately after the onset of reperfusion and at 4 and 6 h post-MCA occlusion significantly reduced both(More)
The effects of the kappa-1 opioid receptor agonist (5R)-(5 alpha,7 alpha,8 beta)-N-methyl-N-[7-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-oxaspiro[4,5]dec-8-yl]-4- benzofuranacetamide monohydrochloride (CI-977) upon ischemic brain damage have been examined in 15 halothane-anesthetized cats. Focal cerebral ischemia was produced by permanent occlusion of one middle cerebral artery(More)
The ability of five agents (dizocilpine [MK-801], 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoyl-benzo(F)-quinoxaline [NBQX], enadoline [CI-977], L-nitroarginine methyl ester [L-NAME] and BW 1003c87) with well defined, distinct pharmacological profiles and with established anti-ischemic efficacy, to modify neuronal damage has been examined in a simple in vivo model of(More)