Kennen B. MacKay

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Permanent or transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) using the intraluminal filament method. Successful occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) was achieved using 4/O filaments (terminal diameter 0.20-0.25 mm) coated with poly-L-lysine. The L-type calcium channel blocker isradipine (2.5 mg/kg)(More)
The effects of the kappa-1 opioid agonist CI-977 upon the volume of ischemic brain damage (defined using quantitative neuropathology) and local cerebral blood flow (CBF) (defined using quantitative [14C]iodoantipyrine autoradiography) have been examined at 4 h and 30 min, respectively, after permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in(More)
Whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-evoked inhibition of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF)-stimulated ACTH secretion was also manifest in ACTH secreting AtT-20 pituitary tumour cells was investigated. ANP stimulated increases in cGMP accumulation at concentrations of the peptide above 10(-8) M which indicates the presence of the ANP receptors on(More)
The binding of [3H]-U-69593 and [3H]-CI-977 to kappa-1 opioid receptors has been examined in the temporal cortex of postmortem brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease and age-matched controls using quantitative autoradiography. There was no significant difference between Alzheimer and control subjects in the level of [3H]-U-69593 and [3H]-CI-977(More)
The alterations in Alzheimer's disease (AD) of two binding sites in the striatum suggested to have a presynaptic localisation have been investigated by quantitative ligand binding autoradiography. Adenosine A1 binding sites labelled with [3H]cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) and kappa 1 opioid binding sites labelled with [3H]U-69593 were studied in adjacent(More)
For progression to clinical trials in stroke, putative neuroprotective compounds should show robust efficacy post-ischaemia in several experimental models of stroke. This paper describes the characterisation of (+)(1S, 2R)-cis-1-[4-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)phenoxy]-2-methylamino indane hydrochloride (SB-221420-A), a Ca(2+) and Na(+) channel antagonist.(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), the major serine/threonine phosphatase in eukaryotic cells, is a heterotrimeric protein composed of structural, catalytic, and targeting subunits. PP2A assembly is governed by a variety of mechanisms, one of which is carboxyl-terminal methylation of the catalytic subunit by the leucine carboxyl methyltransferase LCMT1. PP2A is(More)
The ability of five agents (dizocilpine [MK-801], 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoyl-benzo(F)-quinoxaline [NBQX], enadoline [CI-977], L-nitroarginine methyl ester [L-NAME] and BW 1003c87) with well defined, distinct pharmacological profiles and with established anti-ischemic efficacy, to modify neuronal damage has been examined in a simple in vivo model of(More)
The effect of a novel, highly potent and selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist CI-977 upon ischaemic brain damage and brain swelling has been examined in a rat model of focal cerebral ischaemia. Focal ischaemia was produced by the permanent occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) during a brief period of halothane anaesthesia. The animals were(More)
The effects of the kappa-opioid agonist CI-977 upon local cerebral glucose utilization have been examined in conscious, lightly restrained rats to gain insight into the potential adverse effects of this neuroprotective agent. Cerebral glucose utilization was assessed quantitatively in 45 anatomically discrete brain regions by means of [14C]2-deoxyglucose(More)