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PURPOSE Amplification and/or overexpression of the HER-2/neu oncogene have been shown to correlate with poor clinical outcome in patients with axillary node-positive breast cancer. In contrast, the prognostic significance of HER-2/neu in node-negative disease is controversial. This study was undertaken to evaluate further the relationship between HER-2/neu(More)
Using permanent-section immunohistochemistry, we investigated the role of HER-2/neu in the development and progression of human breast cancer by measuring its overexpression in a series of hyperplastic (n = 30), dysplastic (n = 15), and malignant neoplastic (n = 708) lesions of ductal epithelium and by evaluating the relationships between overexpression and(More)
BACKGROUND The objectives of this study were to determine whether bladder cancer (BC) screening in healthy men could lead to earlier detection and reduced BC mortality compared with unscreened men and to determine long-term outcomes of a geographically defined, unscreened population with newly diagnosed BC. METHODS In 1987 and from 1998 to 1992, 1575 men(More)
The effect of a mutation affecting flocculation, differentiation into cyst-like forms, and root colonization on nitrogenase expression by Azospirillum brasilense is described. The gene flcA of strain Sp7 restored these phenotypes in spontaneous mutants of both strains Sp7 and Sp245. Employing both constitutive pLA-lacZ and nifH-lacZ reporter fusions(More)
PURPOSE The identification of a subset of patients with axillary lymph node-positive breast cancer with an improved prognosis would be clinically useful. We report the prognostic importance of histologic grading and proliferative activity in a cohort of patients with axillary lymph node-positive breast cancer and compare these parameters with other(More)
PURPOSE Some prostate cancers may have molecular alterations that render them less responsive to radiation therapy; identification of these alterations before treatment might allow improved treatment optimization. This study investigated whether p53, a potential molecular determinant, could predict long-term radiation therapy outcome in a restricted group(More)
A multistep in vitro/in vivo transformation system was used to test the transforming effect(s) of the human bladder procarcinogen 4-amino-biphenyl (ABP) and two putative proximate carcinogenic metabolites, N-hydroxy-4-aminobiphenyl (N-OH-ABP) and N-hydroxy-4-acetylamino-biphenyl (N-OH-AABP), on a clonally derived nontumorigenic SV40-immortalized human(More)
HER-2/neu (c-erbB-2) gene amplification based on Southern blotting or immunohistochemistry has been shown to be predictive of poor outcome in breast cancer occurring in women over 40, but there is little data on the role of HER-2/neu in young women with breast cancer, many of whom may have inherited BRCA1 or other predisposing genes. The present study used(More)
PURPOSE A randomized trial was performed in premenopausal postoperative women with ipsilateral axillary node-positive (N+) breast carcinoma and known estrogen receptor (ER) status to assess the efficacy of an Adriamycin (doxorubicin; Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH)-based induction regimen and 5 or more years of tamoxifen (Tam). PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Metastatic Leydig cell carcinomas account for less than 0.2% of all testicular cancers, and may be associated with sex hormone production. Leydig cell carcinoma is relatively refractory to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and median survival of patients with metastatic disease is less than 2 years. Presented are three cases of metastatic Leydig cell cancer,(More)