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Using permanent-section immunohistochemistry, we investigated the role of HER-2/neu in the development and progression of human breast cancer by measuring its overexpression in a series of hyperplastic (n = 30), dysplastic (n = 15), and malignant neoplastic (n = 708) lesions of ductal epithelium and by evaluating the relationships between overexpression and(More)
PURPOSE Amplification and/or overexpression of the HER-2/neu oncogene have been shown to correlate with poor clinical outcome in patients with axillary node-positive breast cancer. In contrast, the prognostic significance of HER-2/neu in node-negative disease is controversial. This study was undertaken to evaluate further the relationship between HER-2/neu(More)
The current trial was designed to assess whether the addition of prednisone or prednisone + tamoxifen would enhance the therapeutic effectiveness of 1 year of adjuvant CMF therapy. Premenopausal women with ipsilateral axillary node-positive breast carcinoma and known estrogen receptor (ER) status were randomized to receive 1 year of postoperative treatment(More)
PURPOSE A randomized trial was performed in premenopausal postoperative women with ipsilateral axillary node-positive (N+) breast carcinoma and known estrogen receptor (ER) status to assess the efficacy of an Adriamycin (doxorubicin; Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH)-based induction regimen and 5 or more years of tamoxifen (Tam). PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to test the role of radiotherapy following total mastectomy, axillary dissection, and adjuvant systemic therapy in the management of operable locally advanced breast carcinoma. METHODS After undergoing mastectomy and axillary dissection, 426 patients with locally advanced breast carcinoma were registered on study(More)
We randomly assigned 536 women who had undergone either a modified radical mastectomy or a total mastectomy with low axillary-node dissection for potentially curable breast carcinoma to receive adjuvant chemotherapy or no-treatment observation. The patients were considered at high risk for recurrence because they had either an estrogen-receptor-negative(More)
A study of 11 autopsied cases of the cerebro-hepato-renal syndrome of Zellweger (ZS) is reported. All cases had severe, peristent congenital hypotonia, hepatic lobular disarray, renal cortical cysts and pulmonary hypoplasia. Many had cardiovascular malformations, hepatomegaly, cerebral cortical gyral maldevelopment and pancreatic islet hyperplasia.(More)
PURPOSE The identification of a subset of patients with axillary lymph node-positive breast cancer with an improved prognosis would be clinically useful. We report the prognostic importance of histologic grading and proliferative activity in a cohort of patients with axillary lymph node-positive breast cancer and compare these parameters with other(More)
OBJECTIVES Because repetitive hematuria home screening with a chemical reagent strip can detect early stage bladder cancer (BC) in asymptomatic middle-aged and elderly men, the ability of this screening to effect earlier detection and reduce BC mortality was investigated. METHODS Grades, stages, and outcomes of BCs detected by hematuria screening in 1575(More)
Metastatic Leydig cell carcinomas account for less than 0.2% of all testicular cancers, and may be associated with sex hormone production. Leydig cell carcinoma is relatively refractory to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and median survival of patients with metastatic disease is less than 2 years. Presented are three cases of metastatic Leydig cell cancer,(More)