Kennedy J Cruickshank

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Of 13 West-Indian-born UK residents with spastic paraparesis of unknown cause, 11 were tested for serum antibody to human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 and all were positive. Their magnetic resonance imaging scans were normal or showed only minor abnormalities in the brain, and the spinal cord was normal in the 5 investigated. Of 48 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Depressive disorders are common and disabling among perinatal women. The rates are high in ethnic minority groups. The causes are not known in British Pakistani women. The aim of this study was to estimate the rates, correlates and maintaining factors of perinatal depression in a Pakistani sample in UK. The design used was a cross-sectional two(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the risk of stroke in relation to quality of hypertension control in routine general practice across an entire health district. DESIGN Population based matched case-control study. SETTING East Lancashire Health District with a participating population of 388,821 aged < or = 80. SUBJECTS Cases were patients under 80 with their(More)
Recent reports suggest that antenatal depression is as prevalent as postnatal depression. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is the most widely used tool to detect postnatal depression, which can also detect depression during the antenatal period. Mothers of Pakistani origin have the highest birth rate in the UK. The validity of EPDS has not(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that remarkable differences in cardiovascular risk between ethnic groups cannot be fully explained by traditional risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes or dislipidemia measured in midlife. Therefore, the underlying pathophysiology leading to this "excess risk" in ethnic minority groups is still poorly understood, and one(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the U.S. and stroke mortality rates differ substantially by ethnic group. The impact of adherence to the USDA dietary guidelines on risk for fatal stroke among different ethnic groups has not previously been examined. METHODS A prospective cohort design was used to examine associations between(More)
Despite numerous studies on women's cardiac health throughout the past decade, the number of female deaths caused by cardiovascular disease still rises and remains the leading cause of death in women in most areas of the world. Novel studies have demonstrated that cardiovascular disease, and more specifically coronary artery disease presentations in women,(More)
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