Kenjiro Kosaki

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CHD7 gene mutations were identified in 17 (71%) of 24 children clinically diagnosed to have CHARGE syndrome (C, coloboma of the iris or retina; H, heart defects; A, atresia of the choanae; R, retardation of growth and/or development; G, genital anomalies; and E, ear abnormalities). Colobomata, hearing loss, laryngomalacia, and vestibulo-cochlear defect were(More)
The putative promoter region of the SNRPN gene contains a CpG island which is heavily methylated in the maternally derived allele and unmethylated in the paternally derived allele. In patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) only the methylated allele is present, while in those with Angelman syndrome (AS) only the unmethylated allele is present. The(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta family of cell-signaling molecules have been implicated recently in mammalian left-right (LR) axis development, the process by which vertebrates lateralize unpaired organs (e.g., heart, stomach, and spleen). Two family members, Lefty1 and Lefty2, are expressed exclusively on the left side of the mouse(More)
The RSH/Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (RSH/SLOS) is an autosomal recessive malformation syndrome associated with increased levels of 7-dehydro-cholesterol (7-DHC) and a defect of cholesterol biosynthesis at the level of 3 beta-hydroxy-steroid-delta7-reductase (7-DHC reductase). Because rats exposed to inhibitors of 7-DHC reductase during development have a(More)
Like all vertebrates, humans establish anatomic left-right asymmetry during embryogenesis. Variation from this normal arrangement (situs solitus) results in heterotaxy, expressed either as randomization (situs ambiguus) or complete reversal (situs inversus) of normal organ position. Familial heterotaxy occurs with autosomal dominant, recessive, and X-linked(More)
Mutations in the CREBBP (CREB-binding protein gene) cause Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS). At present, however, genetic testing of CREBBP is not commonly applied in clinical settings because the currently available assays are technically and financially demanding, mainly because of the size of the gene. In the present study, we took advantage of a highly(More)
CHD7 mutations account for about 60-65% among more than 200 CHARGE syndrome cases. When rare whole gene deletion cases associated with chromosomal abnormalities are excluded, all mutations of CHD7 reported to date have been point mutations and small deletions and insertions, rather than exonic deletions. To test whether exonic deletions represent a common(More)
Targeted disruption of the mouse activin receptor type IIB gene (Acvr2b) results in abnormal left-right (LR) axis development among Acvr2b-/- homozygotes [Oh and Li, 1997: Genes Dev 11:1812-1826]. The resulting malformations include atrial and ventricular septal defects, right-sided morphology of the left atrium and left lung, and spleen hypoplasia. Based(More)
The authors investigated whether high-dose methotrexate-induced toxicity differed according to the presence of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) or reduced folate carrier 1 (RFC1) genetic polymorphism. The authors studied 15 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoblastic lymphoma who were treated using protocols that included(More)
Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder defined by short stature, delayed puberty, and characteristic dysmorphic features. Tartaglia et al. (Nature Genetics, 29:465-468) have recently shown that gain-of-function mutations in the gene PTPN11 (protein-tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor-type 11) cause Noonan syndrome in roughly half of patients that(More)