Kenjiro Fukushima

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Lymphoid neoplasms are usually diagnosed on the basis of cytological and histopathological findings. However, in some cases, discrimination of lymphoid neoplasms from reactive lymphoid proliferation is difficult. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the complementarity-determining region (CDR) 3 of the T-cell receptor (TCR) γ gene can be used to(More)
Although chemokines and their receptors play an integral role in the regulation of the immune response, there is very little information about their involvement in canine inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The objective of this study was to evaluate the mRNA expression of 9 selected chemokines and 6 chemokine receptors by real-time reverse transcription PCR(More)
The effectiveness of combination therapy using clindamycin, metronidazole and doxycycline against canine babesiosis, and the usefulness of platelet count and the plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration as an estimation factor for treatment, were evaluated in four dogs experimentally infected with Babesia gibsoni. The combination therapy successfully(More)
Biliary sludge in dogs is dismissed commonly as an incidental finding. On the other hand, gallbladder mucocele is reported increasingly in dogs and can lead to biliary obstruction or gallbladder rupture. Cholestasis is suspected to play a role in development of sludge and mucoceles, though there are no data in dogs to support this. We investigated(More)
Medical records of dogs with colorectal polyps were retrospectively reviewed, and clinical presentation of inflammatory colorectal polyps in miniature dachshunds was evaluated. Of 33 dogs found to have colorectal polyps, miniature dachshunds were markedly over-represented with 16 dogs (48%), of which 12 (75%) were found to have inflammatory polyps. Multiple(More)
Canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare neoplasm that originates from dendritic cells or macrophages, and there have been a number of cases experienced in Japan. To identify the characteristics and prognostic variables that determine outcome in dogs with HS in Japan, medical records of 73 dogs with HS were retrospectively analyzed. Signalment, clinical(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1β is a key mediator of the inflammatory response. IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) regulates inflammation by functioning as an endogenous inhibitor of IL-1β. A disruption of the balance between IL-1β and IL-1Ra has been identified in human inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The objective of this study was to determine whether there is an(More)
Urea breath test (UBT) using an infrared spectral analyzer is widely used for non-invasive and rapid detection of gastric Helicobacter spp. in human, but not veterinary medicine. The main purposes of this study were to determine the reference range of the UBT in dogs and to evaluate its clinical usefulness. To address the first aim, 6 healthy laboratory(More)
Endoscopic polypectomy and argon plasma coagulation (APC) were performed in a refractory case of inflammatory colorectal polyps in a 7-year-old male Miniature Dachshund. Colonoscopic examination revealed a large sessile polyp and multiple diffuse small polyps, localized to the descending colon and rectum. The case showed a poor therapeutic response to(More)
Inflammatory colorectal polyps (ICRPs) are commonly seen in miniature dachshund (MD) dogs; typically, multiple polyps form with severe neutrophil infiltration. ICRP is thought to be a novel form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but its etiology has not been investigated. The innate immune system is implicated in the pathogenesis of both human and canine(More)