Kenji Yoshino

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We studied sexual dominance and seasonal differences in aggressiveness of individuals in intraspecific competition for shells of the hermit crab Pagurus filholi in terms of size of contestants and duration of the attempt to deprive other crabs of their shell. Experiments were conducted using paired intrasexual and intersexual contests in the pre-breeding(More)
We experimentally measured thermal changes in the gastric evacuation rate (GER) of the freshwater sculpin Cottus nozawae Snyder under three water temperature regimes (2°, 7°, and 12°C). Laboratory experiments showed that the GER was accelerated with increasing water temperature. This result suggests that the daily food rations of fish are more likely to be(More)
1. Selective harvesting is acknowledged as a serious concern in efforts to conserve wild animal populations. In fisheries, most studies have focused on gradual and directional changes in the life-history traits of target species. While such changes represent the ultimate response of harvested animals, it is also well known that the life history of target(More)
We report photovoltaic performances of all-solid state Sn/Pb halide-based perovskite solar cells. The cell has the following composition: F-doped SnO2 layered glass/compact titania layer/porous titania layer/CH3NH3SnxPb(1-x)I3/regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl). Sn halide perovskite itself did not show photovoltaic properties. Photovoltaic(More)
Male hermit crabs perform precopulatory mate-guarding behavior during their reproductive season. As females generally cannot reject guarding attempts by males, male guarding prevents females from inspecting and choosing other male mates. However, as guarding males are often replaced by other males through competition for females during the guarding phase,(More)
In recent years, organometal halide perovskite-based solid-state hybrid solar cells have attracted unexpected increasing interest because of their high efficiency (the record power conversion efficiency has been reported to be over 15%) and low fabrication cost. It has been accepted that the high efficiency was mainly attributed to the strong optical(More)
To understand the evolution of weapons, we must understand both their functions and relative importance compared to body size in determining fighting success. Many decapod crustaceans develop disproportionately large chelipeds for their body size and use them as a weapon in agonistic interaction. There are, however, examples where weapons are merely signals(More)
The charge separation and charge recombination dynamics in P3HT-ZnO and P3HT-dye-ZnO bulk heterojunction organic-inorganic hybrid solar cells (OIHSCs) prepared by a one-pot method were studied using a transient absorption (TA) method, both for optical absorption of P3HT in the visible region and for optical absorption of SQ36 in the NIR region. In the case(More)
We investigated the reproductive ecology of D. nitidimanus in the Waka-River estuary with special reference to temporal change in the relative size of chelae length for males, i.e., secondary sexual character. Ovigerous females were observed from April to October, peaking in June–July with over 90% of females being ovigerous. Adult female carapace size(More)
The relationship between the structure of the charge-separation interface and the photovoltaic performance of all-solid dye-sensitized solar cells is reported. This cell is composed of porous a TiO2/perovskite (CH3NH3PbI(x)Cl(3-x))/p-type organic conductor. The porous titania layer was passivated with Al2O3 or Y2O3 to remove surface traps of the porous(More)