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BACKGROUND Pulmonary cachexia is common in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), culminating in exercise intolerance and a poor prognosis. Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide with GH-independent effects. The efficacy and safety of adding ghrelin to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in cachectic COPD patients were(More)
The present study investigated the effects of a novel benzodiazepine inverse agonist, S-8510 [2-(3-isoxazolyl)-3, 6, 7, 9-tetrahydroimidazo [4, 5-d] pyrano [4,3-b] pyridine monophosphate monohydrate], on the P300 components of the event-related potential (ERP) in monkeys. Late positive potentials (P300-like potentials) from the cortex (Pz) and hippocampus(More)
The protein p130 was isolated from rat brain as an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-binding protein with a domain organization similar to that of phospholipase C-delta1 but lacking PLC activity. We show that p130 plays an important role in signaling by the type A receptor for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Yeast twohybrid screening identified GABARAP (GABA(A)(More)
We report that a proper employment of MWEs concerned enables us to put forth a tractable framework, which is based on a multiple nesting of semantic operations, for the processing of non-inferential, Non-propositional Contents (NPCs) of natural Japanese sentences. Our framework is characterized by its broad syntactic and semantic coverage, enabling us to(More)
The effects of cholinergic and noradrenergic depletion, alone and in combination, on spatial memory and electroencephalogram (EEG) activity were investigated. Basal forebrain-lesioned rats exhibited a significant decrease in cortical choline acetyltransferase activity and spatial memory impairment. In the cortical EEG, the basal forebrain lesion induced EEG(More)
We examined the effect of interleukin-15 (IL-15) gene transfer into tumour cells on the host's anti-tumour response. In BALB/c mice IL-15 producing Meth-A cells (Meth-A/IL-15) underwent complete rejection, in a response characterized by massive infiltration of CD4+ T-cells and neutrophils. In contrast, Meth-A cells transfected with vector alone (Meth-A/Neo)(More)
It is important for future NLP systems to formulate the semantic equivalence (and more generally, the semantic similarity) of natural language expressions. In particular, paraphrasing, full text information retrieval, example-based MT and document compression technology require the effective equivalence criterion for linguistic expressions. In this paper,(More)