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There is increasing interest in developing efficient screening platforms to predict drug-induced liver injury. Therefore, we explored a microscope-based analysis to quantitatively evaluate interaction of drugs with multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2), essential for hepatic excretion of drugs in sandwich-cultured rat hepatocytes (SCRHs), using 5(More)
The syntaxin family is implicated in intracellular vesicle traffic. We have recently identified taxilin, a novel syntaxin-binding protein, which has a long coiled-coil region in its C-terminal half. A database search has revealed the presence of two other molecules having a long coiled-coil region homologous to that of taxilin in mammals. Then, we here(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition with no established treatment. To better understand the pathology and develop a treatment modality for SCI, an understanding of the physiological changes following SCI at the molecular level is essential. However, studies on SCI have primarily used rodent models, and few studies have examined SCI in(More)
Conventional burr-hole buttons sometimes do not fit the burr hole well due to the curvature of the surrounding bone. An irregular surface at the border between the button and the surrounding skull may appear unaesthetic. The major problem is the difference between the curvature radius of the skull and the burr-hole button in contact with the skull. To solve(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In animal models, the magnitude of early post-ischemic hyperemia tends to correlate with the duration and intensity of prior ischemic insult. The aim of this study was to determine whether early post-ischemic hyperemia in human brain during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is associated with the severity of cerebral ischemic insult(More)
Airway and vascular constrictions are expected problems for lung cancer patients. The clinical course of a patient in whom stents were inserted in 3 constriction regions is reported. A 72-year-old man with advanced primary lung cancer (squamous cell carcinoma stage IIIB) developed suffocating constriction of the trachea and showed superior vena cava (SVC)(More)
The enthusiasm for producing patient-specific human embryonic stem cells using somatic nuclear transfer has somewhat abated in recent years because of ethical, technical, and political concerns. However, the interest in generating induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), in which pluripotency can be obtained by transcription factor transduction of various(More)
BACKGROUND We previously identified unsaturated (16:1, 18:1, and 18:2) but not saturated (12:0, 14:0, 16:0, and 18:0) lysophosphatidic acids (LPAs) as potent factors for vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) dedifferentiation. Unsaturated LPAs strongly induce VSMC dedifferentiation via the coordinated activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase(More)
Chromatin structure is a fundamental component of gene regulation, expression, and cellular differentiation. We have previously reported that the multifunctional coactivator p300 is a member of the Sox9 (Sry-type high mobility group box 9)-related transcriptional apparatus and activates Sox9-dependent transcription during chondrogenesis. However, the(More)