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Transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) is negatively regulated by the human factors DRB-sensitivity inducing factor (DSIF) and negative elongation factor (NELF). A 66-kilodalton subunit of NELF (NELF-A) shows limited sequence similarity to hepatitis delta antigen (HDAg), the viral protein required for replication of hepatitis delta virus(More)
The function of the p75(NTR) neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) in nervous system regeneration is still controversial. Part of that controversy may be due to the fact that p75(NTR) is expressed by both neuronal and glial cell types and may have very distinct and even contradictory roles in each population. In this study, to elucidate the in vivo function of(More)
Pain, which remains largely unsolved, is one of the most crucial problems for spinal cord injury patients. Due to sensory problems, as well as motor dysfunctions, spinal cord injury research has proven to be complex and difficult. Furthermore, many types of pain are associated with spinal cord injury, such as neuropathic, visceral, and musculoskeletal pain.(More)
Some ferns possess the ability to control their sex ratio to maintain genetic variation in their colony with the aid of antheridiogen pheromones, antheridium (male organ)-inducing compounds that are related to gibberellin. We determined that ferns have evolved an antheridiogen-mediated communication system to produce males by modifying the gibberellin(More)
In peripheral nerve transection injury, continuity of axons as well as that of the basal lamina is disconnected. In such case, migrating Schwann cells (SCs) would be the only axonal guidance at an early stage of regeneration. However, it takes a few days for the dedifferentiated SCs to start migration, while axonal growth begins a few hours after injury.(More)
Fibroblast proliferation and migration play important roles in wound healing. bFGF is known to promote both fibroblast proliferation and migration during the process of wound healing. However, the signal transduction of bFGF-induced fibroblast migration is still unclear, because bFGF can affect both proliferation and migration. Herein, we investigated the(More)
After peripheral nerve injury, minimizing axonal misdirection has been a matter of importance to obtain good functional outcomes. In general, it becomes more challenging as the nerve defect length is longer. As previous works suggested that a conduit repair leaving a short gap could induce some target-specific reinnervation, we expected that a distally(More)
Oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgp) has been thought to be expressed in the oligodendrocytes and inhibit the regeneration of the nerves by binding to the Nogo receptor expressed in neurons in the central nervous system (CNS). However, OMgp is expressed in the CNS in the neurons as well as oligodendrocytes. In order to help understanding the(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress has been suggested as a mechanism underlying skin aging, as it triggers apoptosis in various cell types, including fibroblasts, which play important roles in the preservation of healthy, youthful skin. Catechins, which are antioxidants contained in green tea, exert various actions such as anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and(More)