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Nine triterpene acids, viz., six of the ursane type, ursolic acid (1), corosolic acid (2), 3-epicorosolic acid (3), pomolic acid (4), tormentic acid (5) and hyptadienic acid (6), and three of the oleanane type, oleanolic acid (7), augustic acid (8) and 3-epimaslinic acid (9), among which 1 constituted the most predominant triterpene acid, were isolated and(More)
Support Vector Machines (SVMs), though accurate, are still difficult to solve large-scale applications, due to the computational and storage requirement. To relieve this problem, we propose RANSAC-SVM method, which trains a number of small SVMs for randomly selected subsets of training set, while tuning their parameters to fit SVMs to whole training set.(More)
This paper discusses Japanese efforts related to critical infrastructure protection, including several case studies to clarify the risk components and countermeasures. An interdependency modeling framework that combines the inoperability input-output model (IIM) for economic in-terdependencies and Bayesian networks for operational dependencies is presented.(More)
OBJECTIVE Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), functional dyspepsia (FD), and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are common, and have negative impacts on health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). Several studies demonstrated a significant overlap between two of these three diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of GERD, FD, and IBS,(More)
The expression of uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) was reduced in macrophages after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The physiological consequence and the regulatory mechanisms of the UCP2 down-regulation by LPS were investigated in a macrophage cell line, RAW264 cells. UCP2 overexpression in RAW264 cells transfected with eukaryotic expression vector(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS With capsule endoscopy, the ulcerogenic effect of low-dose enteric-coated aspirin on the small bowel and the therapeutic effect of misoprostol on intestinal injury were evaluated. METHODS Eleven patients who developed gastric ulcers while undergoing low-dose enteric-coated aspirin therapy were enrolled. They continued aspirin therapy(More)
Inflammatory responses triggered by activation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling pathway are a key mechanism in nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced enteropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the probiotic effect of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) on indomethacin-induced small intestinal injury.(More)
The World Health Organization plans to incorporate "traditional medicine" into the next revision of its International Classification of Diseases-Version 11 (ICD-11). If traditional medicine is included in ICD-11, it is definitely an epoch-making issue. The expected result is the International Classification of Traditional Medicine, China, Japan and Korea(More)
OBJECTIVES The usefulness of non-magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (NBI; NM-NBI) in the screening of early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN) remains unclear. Here, we aimed to compare NM-NBI and chromoendoscopy with iodine staining (CE-Iodine) in terms of the diagnostic performance, and to(More)
Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has become accepted for the treatment of superficial esophageal cancer, the incidence of stricture formation caused by ESD for widespread lesions is high and leads to a low quality of life. A few studies reported that locoregional steroid injections are useful for the prevention of such stricture formation(More)