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The green rice leafhopper Nephotettix cincticeps (Uhler) is a commonly distributed pest of rice in East Asia. Early histological studies describe the presence of two bacteriome-associated symbionts and a rickettsial microorganism in N. cincticeps, but their microbiological affiliations have been elusive. We identified these bacterial symbionts using modern(More)
In this paper, we propose a novel method for semi-supervised learning, called logistic label propagation (LLP). The proposed method employs the logistic function to classify input pattern vectors, similarly to logistic regression. To cope with unlabeled samples as well as labeled ones in the semi-supervised learning framework, the logistic functions are(More)
Support Vector Machines (SVMs), though accurate, are still difficult to solve large-scale applications, due to the computational and storage requirement. To relieve this problem, we propose RANSAC-SVM method, which trains a number of small SVMs for randomly selected subsets of training set, while tuning their parameters to fit SVMs to whole training set.(More)
This paper discusses Japanese efforts related to critical infrastructure protection, including several case studies to clarify the risk components and countermeasures. An interdependency modeling framework that combines the inoperability input-output model (IIM) for economic in-terdependencies and Bayesian networks for operational dependencies is presented.(More)
In sensory cortices, synaptic plasticities such as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) have important roles in the development of neural circuits and sensory information processing. However, the differential roles and mechanisms of the various types of LTP and LTD are not clear. In the present study, we investigated LTP and two types(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) plays an important role in the maintenance of gastric mucosal integrity. The level of biologically active prostaglandin E(2) in the tissue is regulated by the balanced expression of its synthetic enzymes, such as cyclooxygenase, and its catabolic enzyme, 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase. We examined the effect of rebamipide, a(More)
Disruption of myelin causes severe neurological diseases. An understanding of the mechanisms that control myelination and remyelination is needed to develop therapeutic strategies for demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Our previous finding indicating the critical involvement of the gamma chain of immunogloblin Fc receptors (FcRgamma)(More)
We studied whether 8-iso-PGF2alpha, nonenzymatic arachidonyl peroxide, participated in the pathogenesis of delayed vasospasm using a canine subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model. Fourteen adult mongrel dogs were divided into two groups, two-hemorrhage SAH group (n = 8) and control group (n = 6). The contents of 8-iso-PGF2alpha in CSF, the basilar artery(More)
Error-free repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is achieved by homologous recombination (HR), and BRCA1 is an important factor for this repair pathway. In the absence of BRCA1-mediated HR, the administration of PARP inhibitors induces synthetic lethality of tumour cells of patients with breast or ovarian cancers. Despite the benefit of this tailored(More)
Recruitment of RAD18 to stalled replication forks facilitates monoubiquitination of PCNA during S-phase, promoting translesion synthesis at sites of UV irradiation-induced DNA damage. In this study, we show that RAD18 is also recruited to ionizing radiation (IR)-induced sites of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) forming foci which are co-localized with 53BP1,(More)