Kenji Watanabe

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The DNA replication machinery stalls at damaged sites on templates, but normally restarts by switching to a specialized DNA polymerase(s) that carries out translesion DNA synthesis (TLS). In human cells, DNA polymerase eta (poleta) accumulates at stalling sites as nuclear foci, and is involved in ultraviolet (UV)-induced TLS. Here we show that poleta does(More)
 Homeobox genes such as orthodenticle in Drosophila and its mouse homologues, Otx1 and Otx2, are known to be essential for rostral brain development. To investigate the molecular basis of brain evolution, we searched for otd/Otx-related homeobox genes in the planarian Dugesia japonica, and identified two genes, DjotxA and B, whose expression appears to be(More)
It has been postulated that the high regeneration ability of planarians is supported by totipotent stem cells, called neoblasts. There have been a few reports showing the distribution of neoblasts in planarians. However, the findings were not completely consistent. To determine the distribution of neoblasts, we focused on proliferating cell nuclear antigen(More)
Limited feeding of nitrate during culture of Nannochloris sp. UTEX LB1999 for intracellular lipid and triglyceride accumulation was investigated with the aim of obtaining cells superior for liquefaction into a fuel oil. The intracellular lipid contents and the percentage of triglycerides in the lipids of cells grown in a nitrogen-limited medium (0.9 mM(More)
Loss-of-function Aspergillus nidulans CclA, a Bre2 ortholog involved in histone H3 lysine 4 methylation, activated the expression of cryptic secondary metabolite clusters in A. nidulans. One new cluster generated monodictyphenone, emodin and emodin derivatives, whereas a second encoded two anti-osteoporosis polyketides, F9775A and F9775B. Modification of(More)
The planarian's remarkable regenerative ability is thought to be supported by the stem cells (neoblasts) found throughout its body. Here we report the identification of a subpopulation of neoblasts, which was revealed by the expression of the nanos-related gene of the planarian Dugesia japonica, termed Djnos. Djnos-expressing cells in the asexual planarian(More)
In order to clarify the function of the Djbmp (Dugesia japonica bone morphogenetic protein) gene in planarian body patterning, we carried out knockdown of this gene by RNA interference. When the planarians were treated with double-stranded RNA of Djbmp, a bulge formed on the dorsal side, with a dent in the middle of the bulge, and the body surface inside(More)
Of 12 different plant growth regulators (PGRs) tested,5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) was found to improve the salttolerance of cotton seedlings. Cotton seedlings treated with ALAcould grow in soil containing levels as high as 1.5% (wt/wt)NaCl. The analyses of mineral compositions of plant parts revealed that the Naplus concentrations in the roots of the(More)
An α-glucosidase from Geobacillus sp. strain HTA-462, one of the deepest sea bacteria isolated from the sediment of the Mariana Trench, was purified to homogeneity and estimated to be a 65-kDa protein by SDS-PAGE. At low ion strength, the enzyme exists in the homodimeric form (130 kDa). It is a thermo- and alkaline-stable enzyme with a half-life of 13.4 h(More)
The green rice leafhopper Nephotettix cincticeps (Uhler) is a commonly distributed pest of rice in East Asia. Early histological studies describe the presence of two bacteriome-associated symbionts and a rickettsial microorganism in N. cincticeps, but their microbiological affiliations have been elusive. We identified these bacterial symbionts using modern(More)