Learn More
TorsinA, a protein with homology to yeast heat shock protein104, has previously been demonstrated to colocalize with alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies, the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease. Heat shock proteins are a family of chaperones that are both constitutively expressed and induced by stressors, and that serve essential functions for protein(More)
Germinability under low temperature is one of the most important traits in seedling establishment in direct-sowing culture of rice. The objective of this study was the identification of genes responsible for higher and faster germination under low temperature, with the aim of breeding new rice varieties for direct-sowing culture. We identified four(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that alpha-synuclein is a common pathogenic molecule in several neurodegenerative diseases, particularly in Parkinson's disease. To understand alpha-synuclein pathology, we investigated molecules that interact with alpha-synuclein in human and rat brains and identified tubulin as an alpha-synuclein binding/associated protein.(More)
Missense point mutations, duplication and triplication in the alpha-synuclein (alphaSYN) gene have been identified in familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Familial and sporadic PD show common pathological features of alphaSYN pathologies, e.g., Lewy bodies (LBs) and Lewy neurites (LNs), and a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra that leads to(More)
The authors previously reported that interspecific stimulatory events between Streptomyces species for antibiotic production and/or morphological differentiation mediated by putative diffusible metabolites take place at a high frequency. This paper reports the isolation and characterization of a substance produced by Streptomyces griseus that stimulates the(More)
Exogenous addition of copper stimulates cellular differentiation in Streptomyces spp. Several lines of evidence suggested a parallel correlation between the stimulatory effect of copper and phenol-oxidizing enzyme activities in Streptomyces griseus. Here a novel extracytoplasmic phenol oxidase (EpoA) associated with cellular development of this organism was(More)
The oncogenic 6b gene of Agrobacterium tumefaciens induces a number of morphological and metabolic alterations in plants. Although molecular functions associated with the 6b genes have been proposed, including auxin transport, sugar transport, transcriptional regulation, and miRNA metabolism, so far an unequivocal conclusion has not been obtained. We(More)
Antibiotic production and cell differentiation in Streptomyces is stimulated by micromolar levels of Cu(2+) . Here, we knocked out the Sco1/SenC family copper chaperone (ScoC) encoded in the conserved gene cluster 'sco' (the S treptomycescopper utilization) in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) and S. griseus. It is known that the Sco1/SenC family incorporates(More)
In Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), a protein serine/threonine kinase (AfsK) and its target protein (AfsR) control secondary metabolism. AfsK and AfsR homologues (AfsK-g and AfsR-g) from Streptomyces griseus showed high end-to-end similarity in amino acid sequence with the respective S. coelicolor A3(2) proteins, as determined by cloning and nucleotide(More)
Cobalamin (Cbl) (synonym, vitamin B12) is the cobalt-containing cofactor produced only by some prokaryotes. Streptomyces is an effective Cbl producer. To study the role of Cbl production in Streptomyces, a knockout mutant for Cbl biosynthesis (cob) was generated in Streptomyces coelicolor A3 (2). The growth of the mutant was similar to that of the wild type(More)