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The amf gene cluster was previously identified as a regulator for the onset of aerial-mycelium formation in Streptomyces griseus. The nucleotide sequences of amf and its counterparts in other species revealed a conserved gene organization consisting of five open reading frames. A nonsense mutation in amfS, encoding a 43-amino-acid peptide, caused(More)
A yellow-pigmented, Gram-negative, motile, strictly aerobic, pleomorphic bacterium (strain TDMA-16(T)) was isolated from a freshwater sample collected at Misasa (Tottori, Japan). Strain TDMA-16(T) was slightly tolerant to gamma-ray irradiation and produced carotenoids, including zeaxanthin, nostoxanthin and an unknown carotenoid, effectively [1.7 mg (g dry(More)
Members of the CarA/LitR family are MerR-type transcriptional regulators that contain a C-terminal cobalamin-binding domain. They are thought to be involved in light-induced transcriptional regulation in a wide variety of nonphototrophic bacteria. Based on the distribution of this kind of regulator, the current study examined carotenoid production in(More)
Symbiobacterium thermophilum is a unique syntrophic bacterium that exhibits marked growth only in coculture with a cognate Bacillus sp. In this study, we found that the bacterium is capable of marked mono-growth when supplied with CO2 or bicarbonate. The evidence suggests that the genetic defect for carbonic anhydrase in this bacterium is a reason for the(More)
The amf gene cluster encodes a probable secretion system for a peptidic morphogen, AmfS, which induces aerial mycelium formation in Streptomyces griseus. Here we examined the transcriptional control mechanism for the promoter preceding amfT (PamfT) directing the transcription of the amfTSBA operon. High-resolution S1 analysis mapped a transcriptional start(More)
In response to stimulants, such as serum, the yeast cells of the opportunistic fungal pathogen Candida albicans form germ tubes, which develop into hyphae. Yvh1p, one of the 29 protein phosphatases encoded in the C. albicans genome, has 45% identity with the dual-specific phosphatase Yvh1p of the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, Yvh1p(More)
The regularized Newton method (RNM) is one of the efficient solution methods for the unconstrained convex optimization. It is well-known that the RNM has good convergence properties as compared to the steepest descent method and the pure Newton's method. For example, Li, Fukushima, Qi and Yamashita showed that the RNM has a quadratic rate of convergence(More)
In this paper, we propose a regularized Newton method without line search. The proposed method controls a regularized parameter instead of a step size in order to guarantee the global convergence. We demonstrate that it is closely related to the TR-Newton method when the Hessian of the objective function is positive definite. Moreover, it does not solve(More)
Preface In this thesis, we consider the unconstrained minimization problem and its related problems, such as the system of equations, the nonlinear least squares problem and the nonlinear complementarity problem (NCP). These problems have various applications in the real world, and they are the fundamental problems in nonlinear optimization problems. Thus,(More)