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Exogenous addition of copper stimulates cellular differentiation in Streptomyces spp. Several lines of evidence suggested a parallel correlation between the stimulatory effect of copper and phenol-oxidizing enzyme activities in Streptomyces griseus. Here a novel extracytoplasmic phenol oxidase (EpoA) associated with cellular development of this organism was(More)
Symbiobacterium thermophilum is an uncultivable bacterium isolated from compost that depends on microbial commensalism. The 16S ribosomal DNA-based phylogeny suggests that this bacterium belongs to an unknown taxon in the Gram-positive bacterial cluster. Here, we describe the 3.57 Mb genome sequence of S.thermophilum. The genome consists of 3338(More)
Laccase is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of phenolic compounds by coupling the reduction of oxygen to water. While many laccases have been identified in plant and fungal species, enzymes of prokaryotic origin are poorly known. Here we report the enzymological characterization of EpoA, a laccase-like extracytoplasmic phenol oxidase produced by(More)
We have cloned three novel histone genes using antibodies that recognize only nuclei of the male gametic (generative and sperm) cells of Lilium longiflorum. The deduced amino acid sequence of each clone shows only between 40% and 50% identity with the H2A, H2B and H3 somatic core histones of other plant species. Transcripts of these genes were first(More)
Carotenoids are produced by a variety of organisms, but the mechanisms that regulate gene expression leading to carotenoid biosynthesis have been characterized for only a few organisms. In this study, we found that Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), a gram-positive filamentous bacterium, produces carotenoids under blue light induction. The carotenoid fraction(More)
To identify negative regulatory genes for cellular differentiation in Streptomyces griseus, DNA fragments repressing the normal developmental processes were cloned on a high-copy-number plasmid. One of these DNA fragments markedly repressed aerial mycelium and spore formation on solid media containing glucose or galactose, but not on media containing(More)
The amf gene cluster was previously identified as a regulator for the onset of aerial-mycelium formation in Streptomyces griseus. The nucleotide sequences of amf and its counterparts in other species revealed a conserved gene organization consisting of five open reading frames. A nonsense mutation in amfS, encoding a 43-amino-acid peptide, caused(More)
A yellow-pigmented, Gram-negative, motile, strictly aerobic, pleomorphic bacterium (strain TDMA-16(T)) was isolated from a freshwater sample collected at Misasa (Tottori, Japan). Strain TDMA-16(T) was slightly tolerant to gamma-ray irradiation and produced carotenoids, including zeaxanthin, nostoxanthin and an unknown carotenoid, effectively [1.7 mg (g dry(More)
The tnaT gene of Symbiobacterium thermophilum encodes a protein homologous to sodium-dependent neurotransmitter transporters. Expression of the tnaT gene product in Escherichia coli conferred the ability to accumulate tryptophan from the medium and the ability to grow on tryptophan as a sole source of carbon. Transport was Na(+)-dependent and highly(More)
A method has been developed for the efficient isolation of “generative” and “vegetative” nuclei from the generative and vegetative cells, respectively, of pollen grains of Lilium longiflorum Thunb. First, large numbers of pollen protoplasts were isolated enzymatically from nearly mature pollen grains. After the protoplasts had been gently disrupted by a(More)