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Symbiobacterium thermophilum is an uncultivable bacterium isolated from compost that depends on microbial commensalism. The 16S ribosomal DNA-based phylogeny suggests that this bacterium belongs to an unknown taxon in the Gram-positive bacterial cluster. Here, we describe the 3.57 Mb genome sequence of S.thermophilum. The genome consists of 3338(More)
Exogenous addition of copper stimulates cellular differentiation in Streptomyces spp. Several lines of evidence suggested a parallel correlation between the stimulatory effect of copper and phenol-oxidizing enzyme activities in Streptomyces griseus. Here a novel extracytoplasmic phenol oxidase (EpoA) associated with cellular development of this organism was(More)
Laccase is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of phenolic compounds by coupling the reduction of oxygen to water. While many laccases have been identified in plant and fungal species, enzymes of prokaryotic origin are poorly known. Here we report the enzymological characterization of EpoA, a laccase-like extracytoplasmic phenol oxidase produced by(More)
Carotenoids are produced by a variety of organisms, but the mechanisms that regulate gene expression leading to carotenoid biosynthesis have been characterized for only a few organisms. In this study, we found that Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), a gram-positive filamentous bacterium, produces carotenoids under blue light induction. The carotenoid fraction(More)
The anaerobic thermophilic bacterial genus Dictyoglomus is characterized by the ability to produce useful enzymes such as amylase, mannanase, and xylanase. Despite the significance, the phylogenetic position of Dictyoglomus has not yet been clarified, since it exhibits ambiguous phylogenetic positions in a single gene sequence comparison-based analysis. The(More)
A red-pigmented, Gram-negative, motile, strictly aerobic, mesophilic, oval- or short rod-shaped bacterium (TDMA-17(T)) was isolated from fresh water collected at Misasa, a radioactive site in Japan. TDMA-17(T) was slightly tolerant against gamma-ray irradiation, and effectively produced carotenoids (2.8 mg g(-1) dry cells) including, astaxanthin and(More)
We have cloned three novel histone genes using antibodies that recognize only nuclei of the male gametic (generative and sperm) cells of Lilium longiflorum. The deduced amino acid sequence of each clone shows only between 40% and 50% identity with the H2A, H2B and H3 somatic core histones of other plant species. Transcripts of these genes were first(More)
Four gamma- and UV-radiation-resistant bacterial strains, designated TDMA-24(T), TDMA-24-2, TDMA-24-3 and TDMA-24-4, were isolated from a fresh-water sample collected at Misasa, Tottori, Japan. Cells of these strains were Gram-reaction-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and formed red colonies. The genomic DNA G+C contents ranged from 70.5(More)
A methanogenic bioreactor that utilized wastepaper was developed and operated at 55 degrees C. Microbial community structure analysis showed the presence of a group of clostridia that specifically occurred during the period of high fermentation efficiency. To isolate the effective cellulose digester, the sludge that exhibited high fermentation efficiency(More)
Two novel anaerobic, moderately thermophilic and cellulose-/cellobiose-digesting bacteria, EBR45(T) and EBR596(T), were isolated from anaerobic sludge of a cellulose-degrading methanogenic bioreactor. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that these strains belonged to cluster III within the low-G+C-content Gram-positive bacteria.(More)