Kenji Tsukigawa

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
The enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect is a unique pathophysiological phenomenon of solid tumors that sees biocompatible macromolecules (>40 kDa) accumulate selectively in the tumor. Various factors have been implicated in this effect. Herein, we report that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1; also known as heat shock protein 32) significantly increases(More)
Many diseases and pathological conditions, including ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, are the consequence of the actions of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Controlling ROS generation or its level may thus hold promise as a standard therapeutic modality for ROS-related diseases. Here, we assessed heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is a crucial antioxidative,(More)
Solid tumor has unique vascular architecture, excessive production of vascular mediators, and extravasation of macromolecules from blood vessels into the tumor tissue interstitium. These features comprise the phenomenon named the EPR effect of solid tumors, described in 1986. Our investigations on the EPR revealed that many mediators, such as bradykinin,(More)
We synthesized N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide polymer conjugated with zinc protoporphyrin (HPMA-ZnPP) and evaluated its application for tumor detection by imaging and treatment by light exposure using in mouse sarcoma model. To characterize HPMA-ZnPP micelle, we measured its micellar size, surface charge, stability, photochemical, biochemical properties(More)
SMA-ZnPP and PEG-ZnPP are micellar drugs, encapsulating zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP) with styrene maleic acid copolymer (SMA) and covalent conjugate of ZnPP with polyethylene glycol (PEG) respectively. Their intracellular uptake rate and subcellular localization were investigated. We found SMA-ZnPP showed higher and more efficient (about 2.5 times)(More)
Pegylated zinc protoporphyrin (PEG-ZnPP) is a water-soluble inhibitor of heme oxygenase-1. In this study, we prepared two types of PEG-ZnPP conjugates with different chemical bonds between PEG and ZnPP, i.e., ester bonds and ether bonds, where both conjugates also contain amide bonds. Cleavability of these bonds in vitro and in vivo, especially cancer(More)
Previously, we prepared a pirarubicin (THP)-encapsulated micellar drug using styrene-maleic acid copolymer (SMA) as the drug carrier, in which active THP was non-covalently encapsulated. We have now developed covalently conjugated SMA-THP (SMA-THP conjugate) for further investigation toward clinical development, because covalently linked polymer-drug(More)
Previous studies indicated the potential of zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP) as an antitumor agent targeting to the tumor survival factor heme oxygenase-1, and/or for photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study, to achieve tumor-targeted delivery, styrene-maleic acid-copolymer conjugated ZnPP (SMA-ZnPP) was synthesized via amide bond, which showed good water(More)
Cisplatin (CDDP) is widely used to treat various cancers. However, its distribution to normal tissues causes serious adverse effects. For this study, we synthesized a complex of styrene-maleic acid copolymer (SMA) and CDDP (SMA-CDDP), which formed polymeric micelles, to achieve tumor-selective drug delivery based on the enhanced permeability and retention(More)
Many conjugates of water-soluble polymers with biologically active molecules were developed during the last two decades. Although, therapeutic effects of these conjugates are affected by the properties of carriers, the properties of the attached drugs appear more important than the same carrier polymer in this case. Pirarubicin (THP), a tetrahydropyranyl(More)