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The fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, shows a clear circadian locomotor rhythm in light cycles and constant darkness. Although the rhythm disappears in constant light, we found that temperature cycles drive the circadian rhythm both in locomotor activity and molecular abundance of PERIOD (PER) and TIMELESS (TIM). The thermoperiodically induced locomotor(More)
The molecular mechanisms of circadian rhythms are well known, but how multiple clocks within one organism generate a structured rhythmic output remains a mystery. Many animals show bimodal activity rhythms with morning (M) and evening (E) activity bouts. One long-standing model assumes that two mutually coupled oscillators underlie these bouts and show(More)
The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster shows a bimodal circadian locomotor rhythm with peaks at lights-on and before lights-off, which are regulated by multiple clocks in the brain. Even under light-dark cycles, the timing of the evening peak is highly dependent on temperature, starting earlier under lower ambient temperature but terminating almost at the(More)
Cryptochrome (CRY) is a blue-light-absorbing protein involved in the photic entrainment of the circadian clock in Drosophila melanogaster. We have investigated the locomotor activity rhythms of flies carrying cryb mutant and revealed that they have two separate circadian oscillators with different responsiveness to light. When kept in constant light(More)
In constant light, where Drosophila rhythms are normally disrupted, temperature cycles induce circadian rhythms at both the molecular and behavioral level. The authors investigated the process by which the thermoperiod induces the rhythms using temperature steps. A 10 degrees C temperature step-up induced a single locomotor activity peak ca 9 h after the(More)
Circadian locomotor rhythm and its underlying mechanism were investigated in the cricket, Gryllodes sigillatus. Adult male crickets showed a nocturnal locomotor rhythm peaking early in the dark phase of a light to dark cycle. This rhythm persisted under constant darkness (DD) with a free-running period averaging 23.1 +/- 0.3 hr. Although constant bright(More)
The circadian clock of Drosophila melanogaster is thought to include rhythmic expression of period gene. Recent studies suggested, however, that a per-less oscillation is also involved in the regulation of circadian locomotor rhythms. In the present study, we examined the existence and the property of the possible per-less oscillation using arrhythmic clock(More)
Many physiological functions of insects show a rhythmic change to adapt to daily environmental cycles. These rhythms are controlled by a multi-clock system. A principal clock located in the brain usually organizes the overall behavioral rhythms, so that it is called the “central clock”. However, the rhythms observed in a variety of peripheral tissues are(More)
We have isolated a new semidominant clock mutant Toki on the second chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster. This mutant differs from the wild-type Canton-S in several properties as follows. Larger values are obtained in the phase angle difference (phi, the time from lights-off in a 24-hr light-dark cycle to an activity offset), the ratio of activity time to(More)
Pigment-dispersing factor (PDF) is an octadeca-neuropeptide widely distributed in the insect brain and suggested to be involved in the insect circadian systems. We have examined its effects on the neuronal activity of the brain efferents in the optic stalk including medulla bilateral neurons (MBNs) in the cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus. The MBNs are visually(More)