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To evaluate the clinical application of the second derivative of the fingertip photoplethysmogram waveform, we performed drug administration studies (study 1) and epidemiological studies (study 2). In study 1, ascending aortic pressure was recorded simultaneously with the fingertip photoplethysmogram and its second derivative in 39 patients with a mean+/-SD(More)
Analysis of the contour of the peripheral pulse to assess arterial properties was first described in the nineteenth century. With the recognition of the importance of arterial stiffness there has been a resurgence of interest in pulse wave analysis, particularly the analysis of the radial pressure pulse acquired using a tonometer. An alternative technique(More)
To determine why upper limb blood pressure measurement underestimates the vasodilator effects of nitroglycerin on lowering ascending aortic systolic pressure, we studied 24 patients (58 +/- 11 years, mean +/- SD). Ascending aortic pressure and radial artery pulse calibrated by cuff blood pressure measurement at the brachial artery were recorded(More)
The pulse wave velocity (PWV) and the photoplethysmogram (PTG) are noninvasive methods for evaluating the pulse wave. The PWV has been associated with age and arterial hypertension, and an index of the second derivative of PTG (SDPTG) is correlated with age and other risk factors for atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to compare SDPTG and PWV(More)
Safflower seed extract (SSE) contains characteristic polyphenols and serotonin derivatives (N-( p-coumaroyl) serotonin and N-feruloylserotonin), which are reported to inhibit oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), formation of atherosclerotic plaques, and improve arterial stiffness as assessed by pulse wave analysis in animal models. The effects of(More)
A 39-year-old woman who had been suffering from anorexia nervosa was found to have hypothyroidism. Serum T4, free T4, T3, free T3 and TSH were 3.19 micrograms/dl, 0.5 ng/dl, 15.3 ng/dl, 1.2 pg/ml and 162.1 microU/ml, respectively. On careful questioning, she was found to have taken an iodine-rich diet. The serum iodine concentration was 122 micrograms/dl(More)
The coagulase-negative Staphylococcus lugdunensis, a bacterium similar to Staphylococcus aureus, produces tannase that degrades tannin. We developed a polymerase chain reaction-based method to rapidly and simply identify this species by detecting the tanA gene for S. lugdunensis tannase.
OBJECTIVE This trial evaluated the effects of casein hydrolysate containing milk-derived peptides, Val-Pro-Pro (VPP) and Ile-Pro-Pro (IPP), on central blood pressure and arterial stiffness. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 70 Japanese subjects aged 50-69 years with untreated stage-I hypertension. They were(More)
This is the first report of cryoblasion of atrial myxoma which was performed in conjunction with coronary artery bypass grafting. A 63-year-old man was admitted for left atrial tumor and ischemic heart disease. Following coronary artery bypass grafting and resection of left atrial myxoma, cryosurgery was carried out for the residual tumor on atrial septum(More)
This review analyses methods and devices used worldwide to evaluate the arterial stiffness. Three main methodologies are based upon analysis of pulse transit time, of wave contour of the arterial pulse, and of direct measurement of arterial geometry and pressure, corresponding to regional, systemic and local determination of stiffness. They are used in(More)