Learn More
The nucleotide sequence of the Clostridium thermocellum F1 xynC gene, which encodes the xylanase XynC, consists of 1,857 bp and encodes a protein of 619 amino acids with a molecular weight of 69,517. XynC contains a typical N-terminal signal peptide of 32 amino acid residues, followed by a 165-amino-acid sequence which is homologous to the thermostabilizing(More)
Brain infarction was induced in rats by injection of microspheres through the right internal carotid artery, and structural changes in the astrocytes were observed during the early period following the infarction. Necrotic foci, varying in size and shape, were found in the right hemisphere. After immunohistochemical staining for GFAP, GFAP-positive(More)
Some evidence indicates that nitric oxide (NO) contributes to inflammation, while other evidence supports the opposite conclusion. To clarify the role of NO in inflammation, we studied carrageenin-induced pleurisy in rats treated with an NO donor (NOC-18), a substrate for NO formation (L-arginine), and/or an NO synthase inhibitor (S-(2-aminoethyl)(More)
The organic cation transporter-3 (OCT3) can transport monoamines, similar to neuronal monoamine transporters. Due to the lack of selective ligands, however, the functional role of OCT3 is still unknown. Thus, we investigated behavioral effects of antisense against OCT3 (AS) in mice. AS (0.075-0.25 microg/0.25 microl/h, for 7 days) dose-dependently decreased(More)
The present study was undertaken to elucidate the pathological changes in learning and memory functions and in the metabolism of cortical cholinergic neurons following microsphere embolism in the rat. Microspheres (48 microm) were injected into the right internal carotid artery of rats. Learning and memory functions were measured 7 or more days after the(More)
Repeated treatment with methamphetamine (METH) causes long-term behavioral changes, so-called behavioral sensitization (BS), in humans as well as experimental animals. However, there are no reports as to whether repeated METH treatment can establish BS in stress-sensitive Long-Evans (LE) rats. Thus, we investigated the effect of repeated METH treatment (5(More)
Central cholinergic neurons play an important role in learning and memory functions. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the pathological changes in learning function and acetylcholine metabolism of the cerebral cortex and hippocampus, following microsphere embolism in rats. Microspheres (48 microns) were injected into the right internal carotid(More)
OBJECTIVE The mammalian heart contains specific growth hormone-releasing peptide (GHRP) binding sites whose physiological significance is unknown. We sought to compare the effects of GHRP and GH on progressive left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the TO-2 hamster model of dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS TO-2 hamsters (8 weeks old) were injected with(More)
The effect of Shiga-like toxin II (SLT-II), which was derived from Escherichia coli O157:H7, on doxorubicin transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and P-glycoprotein function, was investigated in ddY mice. Doxorubicin (30 mg kg(-1)) was administered intravenously or fluorescein isothiocyanate labeled dextran (FD-4) was infused (20 microg min(-1)) to(More)
p62/Sqstm1 is a multifunctional protein involved in cell survival, growth and death, that is degraded by autophagy. Amplification of the p62/Sqstm1 gene, and aberrant accumulation and phosphorylation of p62/Sqstm1, have been implicated in tumour development. Herein, we reveal the molecular mechanism of p62/Sqstm1-dependent malignant progression, and suggest(More)