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During skeletogenesis, cartilage develops to either permanent cartilage that persists through life or transient cartilage that is eventually replaced by bone. However, the mechanism by which cartilage phenotype is specified remains unclarified. Core binding factor alpha1 (Cbfa1) is an essential transcription factor for osteoblast differentiation and bone(More)
Bcl2 subfamily proteins, including Bcl2 and Bcl-X(L), inhibit apoptosis. As osteoblast apoptosis is in part responsible for osteoporosis in sex steroid deficiency, glucocorticoid excess, and aging, bone loss might be inhibited by the upregulation of Bcl2; however, the effects of Bcl2 overexpression on osteoblast differentiation and bone development and(More)
To achieve the complete three-dimensional (3-D) data retrieval of the shape of dentition, dental casts were measured from four directions; occlusal, right, left, and labial sides using a line laser scanner. Reconstruction of the entire shape, including undercuts and tooth crowding area, was attempted by applying a perceptual grouping algorithm, which is one(More)
A human-perception-like image recognition system has been developed aiming at direct hardware implementation based on the Associative Processor architecture. The Principal Axis Projection (PAP) method [1] has been employed for representing images for processing using Associative Processor chips [2-4]. The PAP vectors very well preserve the human perception(More)
RUNX2 and SP7 are essential transcription factors for osteoblast differentiation at an early stage. Although RUNX2 inhibits osteoblast differentiation at a late stage, the function of SP7 at the late stage of osteoblast differentiation is not fully elucidated. Thus, we pursued the function of SP7 in osteoblast differentiation. RUNX2 induced Sp7 expression(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the following hypotheses in hemifacial microsomia (HFM): (1) the volumes of the masseter, lateral and medial pterygoid, and temporal muscles are reduced on the affected versus unaffected side; (2) significant differences exist between the degrees of right-left disproportion in these four masticatory muscles; (3) circumferential shapes of(More)