Kenji Takada

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The differentiation of mesenchymal cells into chondrocytes and chondrocyte proliferation and maturation are fundamental steps in skeletal development. Runx2 is essential for osteoblast differentiation and is involved in chondrocyte maturation. Although chondrocyte maturation is delayed in Runx2-deficient (Runx2(-/-)) mice, terminal differentiation of(More)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and macrophage-colony stimulating factor play essential roles in the regulation of osteoclastogenesis. Runx2-deficient (Runx2-/-) mice showed a complete lack of bone formation because of maturational arrest of osteoblasts and disturbed chondrocyte maturation. Further,(More)
During skeletogenesis, cartilage develops to either permanent cartilage that persists through life or transient cartilage that is eventually replaced by bone. However, the mechanism by which cartilage phenotype is specified remains unclarified. Core binding factor alpha1 (Cbfa1) is an essential transcription factor for osteoblast differentiation and bone(More)
We investigated the frequency, site, amount, and direction of facial asymmetry in human adults with mandibular prognathism and examined if these characteristics were associated postnatally with cardinal clinical signs that may indicate a predisposition to facial asymmetry. Two hundred twenty young Japanese adults (69 men and 151 women) who exhibited(More)
Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is an autosomal recessive severe muscular dystrophy associated with an anomaly of the brain. Twenty–one FCMD families, 13 of them with consanguineous marriages, were analysed by genetic linkage analyses with polymorphic microsatellite markers to map the FCMD gene. Significant lod scores were obtained with(More)
This study investigates the differences in condylar position between centric relation (CR) and centric occlusion (CO) in Japanese orthodontic patients before treatment. We employed 150 consecutive cases (age range: 6-57 years) for the study. Dental casts were mounted on a Panadent articulator with a power centric CR bite record. The differences in condylar(More)
The cytotoxic mechanism of a conjugate of doxorubicin (DXR) and glutathione (GSH) via glutaraldehyde (GSH-DXR) was investigated using DXR-sensitive (AH66P) and -resistant (AH66DR) rat hepatoma cells. GSH-DXR accumulated in AH66DR cells as well as in AH66P cells without efflux by P-gp and exhibited the potent cytocidal activity against both cells compared(More)
Core-binding factor β (CBFβ, also called polyomavirus enhancer binding protein 2β (PEBP2B)) is associated with an inversion of chromosome 16 and is associated with acute myeloid leukemia in humans. CBFβ forms a heterodimer with RUNX1 (runt-related transcription factor 1), which has a DNA binding domain homologous to the pair-rule protein runt in Drosophila(More)
A 7-year-old boy who presented with a painful left hemiscrotal mass was diagnosed with acquired lymphangioma of the scrotum. Chronic friction from a cast for Perthes' disease might have been the cause of sudden enlargement of a congenital lymphangioma of the scrotum. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was useful for preoperative diagnosis and determining the(More)