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The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a new index of the overall stiffness of the artery from the origin of the aorta to the ankle. The most conspicuous feature of CAVI is its independence of blood pressure at the time of measurement.CAVI increases with age and in many arteriosclerotic diseases, such as coronary artery disease, carotid arteriosclerosis,(More)
In this study, we investigated a pattern-recognition technique based on an artificial neural network (ANN), which is called a massive training artificial neural network (MTANN), for reduction of false positives in computerized detection of lung nodules in low-dose computed tomography (CT) images. The MTANN consists of a modified multilayer ANN, which is(More)
We present an efficient run-based two-scan algorithm for labeling connected components in a binary image. Unlike conventional label-equivalence-based algorithms, which resolve label equivalences between provisional labels, our algorithm resolves label equivalences between provisional label sets. At any time, all provisional labels that are assigned to a(More)
We present two optimization strategies to improve connected-component labeling algorithms. Taking together, they form an efficient two-pass labeling algorithm that is fast and theoretically optimal. The first optimization strategy reduces the number of neighboring pixels accessed through the use of a decision tree, and the second one streamlines the(More)
This paper presents a fast algorithm for labeling connected components in binary images based on sequential local operations. A one-dimensional table, which memorizes label equivalences, is used for uniting equivalent labels successively during the operations in forward and backward raster directions. The proposed algorithm has a desirable characteristic:(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in Japanese male office workers. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study included 2,957 metabolic syndrome-free men and 3,260 nondiabetic men aged 35-59 years who did not have medication for hepatitis, alanine(More)
In most algae, the chloroplast division rate is held constant to maintain the proper number of chloroplasts per cell. By contrast, land plants evolved cell and chloroplast differentiation systems in which the size and number of chloroplasts change along with their respective cellular function by regulation of the division rate. Here, we show that PLASTID(More)
An automated computerized scheme has been developed for the detection and characterization of diffuse lung diseases on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images. Our database consisted of 315 HRCT images selected from 105 patients, which included normal and abnormal slices related to six different patterns, i.e., ground-glass opacities, reticular(More)
PURPOSE Pathological noninvasiveness needs to be precisely predicted in preoperative radiological examinations of patients with early lung cancer for the application of limited surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with clinical T1N0M0 peripheral lung cancer were recruited. Radiological findings of the main tumor were evaluated as to ground-glass opacity(More)