Kenji Sampei

Learn More
Nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite, formed from NO and superoxide anion, have been implicated as mediators of neuronal damage following focal ischemia, but their molecular targets have not been defined. One candidate pathway is DNA damage leading to activation of the nuclear enzyme, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), which catalyzes attachment of ADP(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent evidence suggests that endogenous estrogens or hormone replacement therapy can ameliorate brain damage from experimental stroke. Protective mechanisms involve enhanced cerebral vasodilation during ischemic stress as well as direct preservation of neuronal viability. We hypothesized that if the intracellular estrogen receptor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Both NO and superoxide cytotoxicity are important in experimental stroke; however, it is unclear whether these molecules act within parallel pathological pathways or as coreagents in a common reaction. We examined these alternatives by comparing outcomes after middle cerebral artery occlusion in male and female neuronal NO synthase(More)
Organic solvents, such as ethanol or dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), have been used in liquid embolic agents. To investigate the effects of these solvents on the cerebral blood vessels and cerebral tissue, we subjected Wistar rats weighing 250–300 g to internal carotid artery infusion of 0.2 ml diluted ethanol (10 %, 40 % or 70 %) or anhydrous DMSO (100 %).(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO) is believed to be a potent antioxidant enzyme in the nervous system; it degrades heme from heme-containing proteins, giving rise to carbon monoxide, iron, and biliverdin, which is rapidly reduced to bilirubin. The first identified isoform of the enzyme, HO1, is an inducible heat-shock protein expressed in high levels in peripheral organs(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO) cleaves the heme ring to form biliverdin, which is rapidly reduced to bilirubin, carbon monoxide, and iron. HO1, the first form of the enzyme discovered, is an inducible protein, concentrated in tissues that are exposed to degrading red blood cells and stimulated by hemolysis and numerous other toxic perturbations to eliminate(More)
AIM We examined the time course of capillary structure changes in rat skeletal muscle at 1, 3 and 7 days after strenuous eccentric exercise. METHODS The right gastrocnemius muscles of anaesthetized male Wistar rats were subjected to 300 controlled eccentric contractions using electrical stimulation. The contralateral gastrocnemius muscle was used as(More)
Background and Purpose—Recent evidence suggests that endogenous estrogens or hormone replacement therapy can ameliorate brain damage from experimental stroke. Protective mechanisms involve enhanced cerebral vasodilation during ischemic stress as well as direct preservation of neuronal viability. We hypothesized that if the intracellular estrogen receptor(More)
Our clinical experience with interlocking detachable coils for the embolization of high-flow dural arteriovenous fistulas is reported. Interlocking detachable coils are useful for transarterial and transvenous embolizations of dural arteriovenous fistulas because (a) immediate coil detachment is possible, (b) the coils can be replaced easily, (c) detached(More)
PURPOSE To determine the appropriate concentration of papaverine for therapeutic intraarterial infusion against cerebral vasospasm. METHODS We investigated histopathologic changes in cerebral arteries and brain tissue of normal Wistar rats that had received infusions of papaverine via the carotid artery. Rats were infused with 0.20 mL papaverine(More)