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An EMBL4 recombinant phage which encodes one of the full length of the aphid ribosomal DNA has been isolated from the aphid genomic library. Determination of the complete nucleotide sequence of the aphid 18S rRNA gene revealed that it is 2469 bp with a G + C content of 59%. The aphid 18S rRNA gene studied here is the longest and has the highest G + C(More)
The nuclear pore complex (NPC) is an enormous structure embedded in the double membrane of the nuclear envelope that acts as a passageway for nucleocytoplasmic transport. The vertebrate NPC is comprised of about 30 unique proteins. Nup62/p62, a major component of the NPC, has been reported to interact directly with several nuclear transport factors,(More)
The signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a transcription factor that is involved in a variety of biological functions. STAT3 is activated by cytokines and growth factors via the phosphorylation of a tyrosine residue, dimerization, and subsequent nuclear translocation. However, the mechanism of its nuclear translocation is unclear. A(More)
The photocatalytic property of TiO(2) is utilized to sterilize the Giardia lamblia in an aqueous solution in this study. The TiO(2) colloidal solution used for the film was prepared by the modified hydrothermal method and it was directly coated on a UV-lamp, which was set up using a photoreactor manufactured in our laboratory. The TiO(2) film was very(More)
Nup98 is a component of nuclear pore complexes, which are large protein assemblies embedded in the nuclear envelope. Previous studies have shown that Nup98 interacts with several transport factors and plays a critical part in nuclear trafficking. However, the mechanism by which Nup98 contributes to nuclear trafficking is not clear. The present study reports(More)
The apoptotic activities of non-natural ceramide homologues, C2-homo-ceramide, C2-homo-dihydroceramide, C2-bishomo-ceramide and C2-bishomo-dihydroceramide, were examined using human leukemia HL-60 cells. The apoptotic activity was in order of C2-ceramide>C2-homo-ceramide approximately C2-bishomo-ceramide and the activities of the L-erythro- and(More)
We study conformation-dependent photophysical properties of polythiophene (PT) by molecular dynamics simulations and by ensemble and single-molecule optical experiments. We use a graft copolymer consisting of a polythiophene backbone and long polystyrene branches and compare its properties with those obtained on the same polythiophene derivative without the(More)
Structure-activity relationships of 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA) for apoptotic activity against human leukemia HL-60 cells were investigated using optically active ACA and various racemic ACA analogues. Natural-type (or with different acyl group) ACA showed a high apoptotic activity, but the ortho or meta isomers, 4-deacetoxy analogue, and the 2'-3'(More)
In a study using rats, we investigated whether liver damage induced by endotoxemia in obstructive jaundice is associated with thromboxane (TX) in order to acertain whether its vasoconstrictive and platelet aggregating properties play a role in reducing liver blood flow. The rats were divided into the following 5 groups; a control group, an endotoxin (Et)(More)
Importin alpha1/Rch1, an importin alpha family member, mediates the nuclear import of karyophilic proteins. The present study reports on a monoclonal antibody (MAb) directed against mammalian importin alpha1/Rch1, which was produced by the hybridization of mouse myeloma cells with lymph node cells of an immunized rat. The MAb 1A6 specifically recognized(More)