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The normal and reverse short-channel effect of LDD MOSFET’s with lateral channel-engineering (pocket or halo implant) has been investigated. An analytical model is developed which can predict Vth as a function of Le ; VDS; VBS, and pocket parameters down to 0.1m channel length. The new model shows that the Vth roll-up component due to pocket implant has an(More)
Test data modification based on test relaxation and X-filling is the preferable approach for reducing excessive IR-drop in at-speed scan testing to avoid test-induced yield loss. However, none of the existing test relaxation methods can control the distribution of identified don't care bits (X-bits), thus adversely affecting the effectiveness of IR-drop(More)
BACKGROUND Bioactive marine molecules have recently received considerable attention for their nutraceutical characteristics. Considering the ever-increasing demand of nutraceuticals for anti-cancer therapy, we investigated the apoptosis-inducing effects of marine carotenoids, including siphonaxanthin, on human leukemia (HL-60) cells. METHODS Apoptotic(More)
Since anti-angiogenic therapy has becoming a promising approach in the prevention of cancer and related diseases, the present study was aimed to examine the anti-angiogenic effect of siphonaxanthin from green alga (Codium fragile) in cell culture model systems and ex vivo approaches using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and rat aortic ring,(More)
Changes in proportion of glycosylated prolactin in the anterior pituitary glands of chickens were assessed using one- and two-dimensional western blotting analysis during the perihatch stage of embryos and reproductive cycles. Multiple isoforms of prolactin were detected by one-dimensional analysis and glycosylated (G) and non-glycosylated (NG) isoforms(More)
Reducing IR-drop in the test cycle during at-speed scan testing has become mandatory for avoiding test-induced yield loss. An efficient approach for this purpose is post-ATPG test modification based on <i>X</i>-identification and <i>X</i>-filling since it causes no circuit/clock design change and no test vector count inflation. However, applying this(More)
BACKGROUND Siphonaxanthin, a xanthophyll present in green algae, has been shown to possess antiangiogenic and apoptosis-inducing activities. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the antiobesity effects of siphonaxanthin by using a 3T3-L1 cell culture system and in diabetic KK-Ay mice. METHODS 3T3-L1 cells were differentiated with or without 5 μmol/L siphonaxanthin,(More)
Since the invention of NAND Flash memory in the 1980’s, non-volatile memory (NVM) has touched all aspects of our daily life. Applications for NVM is growing everyday from handy data storage devices like a USB Flash Drive to High Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) and its high-bandwidth digital content protection (HDCP) encryption algorithms to firmware(More)