Kenji Niiyama

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Two types of field potentials were identified in cat visual cortex using contrast reversal of oriented bar gratings: a short-latency fast-local component with a retinotopic organization similar to that seen with single-unit discharges at the same cortical site, and a slow, nonretinotopic component with a longer peak latency. The slow-distributed component(More)
Analogues of the natural product endothelin A (ETA) receptor antagonists cyclo(-D-Trp1-D-Glu2-Ala3-D-Val4-Leu5-) (1) and cyclo(-D-Trp1-D-Glu2-Ala3-D-alloIle4-Leu5-) (2) were prepared and tested for inhibitory activity against [125I]endothelin (ET-1) binding to protein ETA receptors. The DDLDL chirality sequence of the natural products appeared to be(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the chronic effects of a newly synthesized, potent and selective endothelin (ET) ETA receptor antagonist, J-1 05859, on mortality in salt-loaded Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats and to confirm the potential of this compound as an ETA antagonist METHODS Vehicle and J-105859 were administered to salt-loaded DS rats for 12 weeks. Throughout(More)
Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 2-substituted-5,7-diarylcyclopenteno[1,2-b]pyridine-6-carboxylic acids, a novel class of endothelin receptor antagonists, were described. Derivatization of a lead structure 1 (IC(50)=2.4nM, 170-fold selectivity) by incorporating a substituent such as an alkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, or alkylamino group into the(More)
Continuing studies on modifications of potent cyclic pentapeptide endothelin (ET) receptor antagonists, represented by BQ-123, and potent linear tripeptide derivative ET receptor antagonists, represented by BQ-788, are described herein. The introduction of D-tryptophan analogues with C-2 substituents in these peptidic ET antagonists resulted in potent ET(More)
The synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 6-carboxy-2-isopropylamino-5,7-diarylcyclopenteno[1,2-b]pyridine class of ET(A) receptor selective antagonists were described. These derivatives were prepared from the optically active key intermediates (3, 4, 10, and 13). Optimization of the substituent at the 2-position of the bottom 4-methoxyphenyl(More)
A convenient method for the synthesis of the title intermediate 4 was described. The key steps of this synthesis involved: (1) regioselective addition reaction of arylzinc reagent to quinolic anhydride in 42% isolated yield, (2) conversion of a ketoacid to an enone, which was achieved in 65% yield by intramolecular Knoevenagel reaction of beta-ketoester(More)
An asymmetric synthesis of a selective endothelin A receptor antagonist 1b is described. Asymmetric conjugate addition of aryllithium derived from 18 to the chiral oxazoline 17 followed by hydrolysis afforded 15 in 96% ee via purification as (S)-(-)-1-phenylethylamine salt. Pd(OAc)(2)/dppf (1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene) catalyzed carbonylation(More)
Six patients with malignant gliomas were treated by selective intracarotid infusion of ACNU at 15 mg/kg (about 600 mg per m2) or 10 mg/kg with or without radiotherapy and rescue of autologous bone marrow transplantation after surgery. These high doses of ACNU were well tolerated if bone marrow rescue was performed and granulocyte colony stimulating factor(More)