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BACKGROUND Depression has a significant impact on poststroke recovery and mortality. There are a proportion of patients with poststroke depression (PSD) who do not respond to antidepressants. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) might be a safe and effective alternative in these refractory cases. METHODS We conducted a randomized, parallel,(More)
A recent publication based on a meta-analysis concluded that there was no association between poststroke depression (PSD) and lesion location. This study, therefore, was undertaken to reappraise the hypothesis using meta-analysis of the correlation between severity of depression following stroke and proximity of the lesion to the frontal pole, an issue that(More)
This study examined the effect of antidepressants in preventing depression after stroke. Nondepressed poststroke patients (N = 48) were randomly assigned to receive nortriptyline, fluoxetine, or placebo for 3 months by using double-blind methodology and were followed-up for 21 months by using a naturalistic design. During the treatment period, one minor(More)
Impairments in activities of daily living (ADL) are common after stroke and may be related to poststroke depression. We have demonstrated that remission of poststroke major depression was associated with improvement in ADL. The administration of antidepressants within the first 3 months after stroke has been shown to prevent poststroke depression, early(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive impairment is common after stroke and may be caused by poststroke depression. Remission of poststroke major depression after treatment has been associated with improvement in cognitive function. The current study was designed to examine how long that cognitive improvement lasts and to compare depressed patients' cognitive status with(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is an effective treatment for depression. Increased metabolism in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a known predictor for antidepressant response. The authors assessed whether increased theta power within the ACC predicts rTMS response in participants with vascular depression. Sixty-five participants(More)
BACKGROUND Executive dysfunction is common after stroke and may impair long-term outcome. Remedies for this condition are limited. AIMS To examine the effect of antidepressants on executive function after stroke. METHOD Forty-seven patients who had had a stroke during the prior 6 months received 12 weeks of antidepressant treatment in double-blind(More)
Stroke represents a major health problem in the United States and most European and Asian countries. Depression is probably the most common and serious emotional disorder following stroke. Post-stroke depression (PSD) has frequently been overlooked and left untreated. Prevention of PSD or successful intervention in the early phase may prevent premature(More)
We have developed a method that integrates Web search with car navigation systems. The method allows for automatic retrieval and display of relevant Web pages without the need to input keywords. We assume that the operations a user performs on a car navigation system's digital map reflect specific intentions which can be determined through analysis and(More)
BACKGROUND The bipolar II disorder has been recognized a mental disorder distinctive from the bipolar I disorder, showing the stability of diagnosis in prospective studies. However, the characterization of the bipolar II disorder still remains under investigation. METHODS The present study was conducted on consecutively admitted bipolar II inpatients(More)