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The L-P ring complex is thought to be a molecular bushing that supports flagellar motor rotation at about 10,000 revolutions per minute with presumably very little friction. Structural studies of this complex have been limited because only very small amount of samples are available. Therefore devising an efficient method of crystallization was essential.(More)
The bacterial flagellar filament is a helical propeller constructed from 11 protofilaments of a single protein, flagellin. The filament switches between left- and right-handed supercoiled forms when bacteria switch their swimming mode between running and tumbling. Supercoiling is produced by two different packing interactions of flagellin called L and R. In(More)
When certain strains of mice bearing H-2Ak are immunized with the interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP), EAU is induced. Thus far uveitogenic determinant(s) has not been determined in the H-2Ak mouse system. In addition it is hard to prepare purified IRBP. In the present study, to circumvent these problems we attempted to identify uveitogenic(More)
The growth of the bacterial flagellar filament occurs at its distal end by self-assembly of flagellin transported from the cytoplasm through the narrow central channel. The cap at the growing end is essential for its growth, remaining stably attached while permitting the flagellin insertion. In order to understand the assembly mechanism, we used electron(More)
To ensure their stable inheritance by daughter cells during cell division, bacterial low-copy-number plasmids make simple DNA segregating machines that use an elongating protein filament between sister plasmids. In the ParMRC system of the Escherichia coli R1 plasmid, ParM, an actinlike protein, forms the spindle between ParRC complexes on sister plasmids.(More)
The process of flagellar assembly was investigated in Salmonella typhimurium. Seven types of flagellar precursors produced by various flagellar mutants were purified by CsCl density gradient protocol. They were characterized morphologically by electron microscopy, and biochemically by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The MS ring is formed in the absence(More)
  • K Namba
  • 2001
From genes to cells there are many steps of hierarchical increments in building up complex frameworks that provide intricate networks of macromolecular interactions, through which cellular activities such as gene expression, signal processing, energy transduction and material conversion are dynamically organized and regulated. The self-assembly of(More)
X-ray fibre diffraction analysis of bacterial flagellar filaments has allowed the subunit packing and secondary structure arrangement in the filament core to be determined. The central hole, presumably a channel for flagellin transport, is large enough to accommodate the folded elongated flagellin molecules during their transport to the distal end for(More)
Bacterial motility involves switching between the left and right supercoiled states of the flagellar filament. The polymorphism of this assembly of identical flagellin molecules has presented a structural puzzle. Supercoiling has been attributed to coexistence of two conformational states of the 11 nearly axially aligned protofilament strands of subunits.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate pathogenesis underlying endogenous uveitis, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was quantified in sera of patients. METHODS Sera were obtained from the 55 patients with uveitis (24 with Behçet's disease; 9 with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's [VKH] disease; 22 with sarcoidosis) and 58 healthy control subjects. MIF levels were(More)