Kenji Murano

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We disclose herein our efforts aimed at discovery of selective PARP-1 and PARP-2 inhibitors. We have recently discovered several novel classes of quinazolinones, quinazolidinones, and quinoxalines as potent PARP-1 inhibitors, which may represent attractive therapeutic candidates. In PARP enzyme assays using recombinant PARP-1 and PARP-2, the quinazolinone(More)
Two classes of quinazolinone derivatives and quinoxaline derivatives were identified as potent and selective poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 and 2 (PARP-1) and (PARP-2) inhibitors, respectively. In PARP enzyme assays using recombinant PARP-1 and PARP-2, quinazolinone derivatives displayed relatively high selectivity for PARP-1 and quinoxaline derivatives(More)
A novel class of quinazolinone derivatives as potent poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) inhibitors has been discovered. Key to success was application of a rational discovery strategy involving structure-based design, combinatorial chemistry, and classical SAR for improvement of potency and bioavailability. The new inhibitors were shown to bind to the(More)
As an extension of our study on discovering a novel substance P (SP) antagonist, we designed new branched tripeptides containing L-aspartic acid (2 and 5), L-ornithine (3 and 6), and L-lysine (4 and 7) by reconstructing the structure of the previously reported tripeptide SP antagonist [Ac-Thr-D-Trp(CHO)-Phe-NMeBzl (1), FR113680]. The strategy for this(More)
We describe herein the synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of novel cephalosporins with potent activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Introduction of various amino groups to the 4-position of a 3-amino-2-methylpyrazole cephalosporin 3-side chain resulted in enhanced MIC values against multiple Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains and ultimately led(More)
To interpret differences in the anticholinergic activity among the four stereoisomers of 4-(dimethylamino)-2-phenyl-2-(2-pyridyl)pentanamide (1-4), we performed conformational studies using the semiempirical molecular orbital method. The structures of the global minimum-energy conformations obtained for 1-4, however, could not explain the different(More)
AmpC beta-lactamase is one of the leading causes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) resistance to cephalosporins. FR259647 is a cephalosporin having a novel pyrazolium substituent at the 3-position and exhibits excellent activity (MIC=1 microg/mL) against the AmpC beta-lactamase overproducing P. aeruginosa FP1380 strain in comparison with the(More)
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