Kenji Morikami

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Myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase (Nmt) is a monomeric enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of the fatty acid myristate from myristoyl-CoA to the N-terminal glycine residue of a variety of eukaryotic and viral proteins. Genetic and biochemical studies have established that Nmt is an attractive target for antifungal drugs. We present here crystal(More)
In two series of small-molecule ligands, one inhibiting human cathepsin L (hcatL) and the other MEK1 kinase, biological affinities were found to strongly increase when an aryl ring of the inhibitors is substituted with the larger halogens Cl, Br, and I, but to decrease upon F substitution. X-ray co-crystal structure analyses revealed that the higher halides(More)
MEK inhibitors are clinically active in BRAF(V600E) melanomas but only marginally so in KRAS mutant tumors. Here, we found that MEK inhibitors suppress ERK signaling more potently in BRAF(V600E), than in KRAS mutant tumors. To understand this, we performed an RNAi screen in a KRAS mutant model and found that CRAF knockdown enhanced MEK inhibition. MEK(More)
The FGF receptors (FGFR) are tyrosine kinases that are constitutively activated in a subset of tumors by genetic alterations such as gene amplifications, point mutations, or chromosomal translocations/rearrangements. Recently, small-molecule inhibitors that can inhibit the FGFR family as well as the VEGF receptor (VEGFR) or platelet-derived growth factor(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is a lipid kinase and a promising therapeutic target for cancer. Using structure-based drug design (SBDD), we have identified novel PI3K inhibitors with a dihydropyrrolopyrimidine skeleton. Metabolic stability of the first lead series was drastically improved by replacing phenol with aminopyrimidine moiety. CH5132799, a(More)
A new series of acid-stable antifungal agents having strong inhibitory activity against Candida albicans N-myristoyltransferase (CaNmt) has been developed starting from acid-unstable benzofuranylmethyl aryl ether 2. The inhibitor design is based on X-ray crystallographic analysis of a CaNmt complex with aryl ether 3. Among the new inhibitors, pyridine(More)
Modification of the C-2 position of a benzofuran derivative 6 (RO-09-4609), an N-myristoyltransferase (Nmt) inhibitor, has led us to discover antifungal agents that are active in a murine systemic candidiasis model. The drug design is based on the analysis of a crystal structure of a Candida Nmt complex with 2. The optimization has been guided by various(More)
The C-4 side chain modification of lead compound 1 has resulted in the identification of a potent and selective Candida albicans N-myristoyltransferase (CaNmt) inhibitor RO-09-4609, which exhibits antifungal activity against C. albicans in vitro. Further modification of its C-2 substituent has led to the discovery of RO-09-4879, which exhibits antifungal(More)
A novel quinoline derivative that selectively inhibits c-Met kinase was identified. The molecular design is based on a result of the analysis of a PF-2341066 (1)/c-Met cocrystal structure (PDB code: 2wgj). The kinase selectivity of the derivatives is discussed from the view point of the sequence homology of the kinases, the key interactions found in X-ray(More)