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BACKGROUND Oxaliplatin is a platinum compound that is clinically effective for colorectal cancer (CRC), in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin (LV), and it is widely used for metastatic disease and for the adjuvant treatment of stage III CRC. With the increasing use of oxaliplatin in Japan, serious adverse events have been experienced(More)
BACKGROUND Bevacizumab (BV) is widely used in chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Although specific adverse events have been observed, their risk factors have not been clarified. PATIENTS AND METHODS 178 mCRC patients who underwent chemotherapy were retrospectively examined and correlations between possible risk factors and adverse(More)
Although gefitinib, a selective inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase, has been clinically demonstrated to be effective for certain cancer cell types, the molecular mechanisms of the anti-tumor activity have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of gefitinib-induced growth inhibition and(More)
OBJECTIVE Imatinib, a BCR/ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has shown remarkable clinical effects in chronic myelogenous leukemia. However, the leukemia cells become resistant to this drug in most blast crisis cases. The transcription factor Nrf2 regulates the gene expression of a number of detoxifying enzymes such as gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase(More)
Microorganisms able to form L-cysteine from DL-2-amino-delta2-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid (DL-ATC), a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of DL-cysteine, were isolated from soil samples and classified as Pseudomonas sp., Pseudomonas cohaerens, P. desmolytica, and P. ovalis. Thirteen L-cysteine-producing bacteria were also found in among 463 stock(More)
The interaction between CPT-11 and oxaliplatin, a new platinum derivative that has a great antitumor activity against colon cancer, has not been determined in gastric cancer cells. In this study, we investigated in vitro cytotoxic activity of oxaliplatin alone or in combination with SN-38, an active metabolite of CPT-11, using different exposure schedules(More)
PURPOSE Extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinomas (EPNEC) are rarely observed and are associated with poor outcomes. Based on the clinicopathological similarity, treatment used for small cell lung carcinoma has also been employed for EPNEC, but the response to such therapy has not been well examined. The goal of this study was to investigate amrubicin (AMR)(More)
PURPOSE In order to define the most effective administration schedule of the combination of paclitaxel and oxaliplatin, we investigated the in vitro interaction between these drugs in a panel of three human cancer cell lines (AZ-521 gastric adenocarcinoma cell line, HST-1 tongue squamous carcinoma cell line, and KSE-1 esophageal squamous carcinoma cell(More)
The organization of the murine folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) gene has been determined by sequence analysis that also revealed an interesting complexity in the case of exon 1. The entire nucleotide sequence of the L1210 FPGS cDNA, the 3'- and 5'-untranslated regions, the mitochondrial leader sequence, and the coding region were found to be distributed(More)
We quantitated the frequency of B lymphocytes capable of producing antibodies to HTLV-1 in the peripheral blood from patients with HAM/TSP, non-HAM/TSP HTLV-1 carriers and seronegative healthy subjects. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was used as a polyclonal activator of B lymphocytes in a limiting dilution condition. We found that B lymphocytes committed to the(More)