Kenji Matsui

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Green leaf volatiles (GLVs) are commonly emitted by green plants, and their production is drastically enhanced when they are under biotic stress. To clarify the ecological function of naturally emitted GLVs, we studied the response of Arabidopsis, whose GLV biosynthesis had been modified, when subjected to herbivory or a pathogenic infection. There was a(More)
Green leaf volatiles (GLVs) are C(6) aldehydes, alcohols, and their esters formed through the hydroperoxide lyase pathway of oxylipin metabolism. Plants start to form GLVs after disruption of their tissues and after suffering biotic or abiotic stresses. GLV formation is thought to be regulated at the step of lipid-hydrolysis, which provides free fatty acids(More)
In response to herbivory, plants emit specific blends of herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs). HIPVs mediate sizable arrays of interactions between plants and arthropods, microorganisms, undamaged neighboring plants or undamaged sites within the plant in various ecosystems. HIPV profiles vary according to the plant and herbivore species, and the(More)
Green leafy volatiles or isoprenoids are produced after mechanical wounding or pathogen/herbivore attacks in higher plants. We monitored expression profiles of the genes involved in defense responses upon exposing Arabidopsis thaliana to the volatiles. Among the genes investigated, those known to be induced by mechanical wounding and/or jasmonate(More)
1-Octen-3-ol is a major volatile metabolite produced by mold fungi. When Arabidopsis plants were treated with 1-octen-3-ol, some defense genes that are turned on by wounding or ethylene/jasmonic acid signaling were induced. The treatment also enhanced resistance of the plant against Botrytis cinerea. When the induction of defense genes with 1-octen-3-ol was(More)
P1-zeta-crystallin (P1-ZCr) is an oxidative stress-induced NADPH:quinone oxidoreductase in Arabidopsis thaliana, but its physiological electron acceptors have not been identified. We found that recombinant P1-ZCr catalyzed the reduction of 2-alkenals of carbon chain C(3)-C(9) with NADPH. Among these 2-alkenals, the highest specificity was observed for(More)
Plants receive volatile compounds emitted by neighboring plants that are infested by herbivores, and consequently the receiver plants begin to defend against forthcoming herbivory. However, to date, how plants receive volatiles and, consequently, how they fortify their defenses, is largely unknown. In this study, we found that undamaged tomato plants(More)
Almost all terrestrial plants produce green leaf volatiles (GLVs), consisting of six-carbon (C6) aldehydes, alcohols and their esters, after mechanical wounding. C6 aldehydes deter enemies, but C6 alcohols and esters are rather inert. In this study, we address why the ability to produce various GLVs in wounded plant tissues has been conserved in the plant(More)
A tomato lipase gene homologous to Arabidopsis DAD1 (lipase homologous to DAD1; LeLID1) was cloned and characterized. The corresponding transcript increased rapidly during germination of the seeds and reached a maximum level at four days after germination. Thereafter, it decreased rapidly. Little expression could be found in flowers or fruits. Immunoblot(More)
When linoleic and linolenic acid were incubated with a crude enzyme of marine green alga Ulva conglobata, the corresponding (R)-9-hydroperoxy-(10E, 12Z)-10, 12-octadecadienoic acid [(R)-9-HPODE] and (R)-9-hydroperoxy-(10E, 12Z, 15Z)-10, 12, 15-octadecatrienoic acid [(R)-9-HPOTrE] were formed with a high enantiomeric excess (>99%), respectively.