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The aim of this study was to investigate how lower extremity muscles are influenced by body weight support during running at different speeds. Nine participants (age 24 ± 2 years, height 1.75 ± 0.12 m, mass 73.5 ± 15.7 kg) ran at 100%, 115%, and 125% of preferred speed at 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, and 60% of body weight on a treadmill that provided body weight(More)
The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether walking backward in water and walking backward on dry land elicit different electromyographic (EMG) activities in lower-extremity and trunk muscles. Surface EMG was used to evaluate muscle activities while six healthy subjects walked backward in water (with and without a water current, Water + Cur and(More)
This investigation compared muscle activities and heart rate (HR) responses while subjects walked backward or forward in water, with and without a water current. Ten healthy males (23.5+/-1.4 years) volunteered for the study. Surface electromyography (EMG) was used to evaluate muscle activities while the subjects walked in water, immersed to the level of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare muscle activity and patterns during deep water running (DWR) and treadmill running (TMR) at equivalent levels of RPE. METHODS Subjects (n = 7, 26.3 ± 4.3 yr, 158.2 ± 9.9 cm, 61.0 ± 6.6 kg) performed DWR and TMR at RPE values of 11 (fairly light), 13 (somewhat hard), and 15 (hard). Surface EMG was used to(More)
Little information exists on how body weight (BW) support influences running biomechanics. The study aim was to determine how reducing BW by 50%-80% influences muscle activity while running at different speeds. Subjects (n = 7) ran at 100%, 115%, 125% of preferred speed at 100%, 50%, 40%, 30%, 20% of BW per speed. Average (AVG) electromyography of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare muscle activity during deep water running (DWR) and treadmill running on dry land (TMR) as well as to investigate effect of stride frequency (SF) on muscle activity while using different styles of DWR (high-knee and cross-country styles, DWR-HK and DWR-CC, respectively). Eight subjects participated in this study. The(More)
This study compared the muscle activities, cardiorespiratory responses, and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) of nine older individuals while walking in water with those obtained while walking on dry land. Electromyography, stride frequency (SF), stride length (SL), oxygen uptake (V O(2)), heart rate (HR), RPE (for breathing and legs, RPE-Br and RPE-Legs,(More)
The distribution and co-localization of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) were examined by means of immunohistochemistry and NADPH diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry in the gut of patients with Hirschsprung's disease. In the normoganglionic segment, many nitrergic nerve cells were localized in Auerbach's plexus and(More)
This study sought to determine the characteristics of gait patterns and muscle activity in the lower extremities of elderly women during underwater treadmill walking against water flow. Eight female subjects (61.4+/-3.9 y) performed underwater and land treadmill walking at varying exercise intensities and velocities. During underwater walking (water level(More)
To characterize the sites of action of adrenomedullin (AM) in the cerebral microvasculature, we studied the effect of AM on cyclic AMP (cAMP) level as well as expression of AM and its receptor in the rat cerebral microvessels. The microvessels were prepared from rat cerebral cortex by albumin flotation and glass bead filtration technique. AM and calcitonin(More)