Kenji Mashimo

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BACKGROUND Increased motility and invasiveness of cancer cells are reminiscent of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which occurs during cancer progression and metastasis. Recent studies have indicated the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK) in various solid tumors, including breast cancer. Although activation of the RANK(More)
Bisphosphonates are an important class of antiresorptive drugs used in the treatment of metabolic bone diseases. Recent studies have shown that nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates induced apoptosis in rabbit osteoclasts and prevented prenylated small GTPase. However, whether bisphosphonates inhibit osteoclast formation has not been determined. In the(More)
The calcium channel blocker verapamil inhibits the transport function of multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1). Although verapamil acts to reverse MDR in cancer cells, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of reversing MDR by verapamil in anti-cancer drug-resistant multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines. We(More)
Metastatic melanoma is a life-threatening disease for which no effective treatment is currently available. In melanoma cells, Rho overexpression promotes invasion and metastasis. However, the effect of statins on spontaneous metastasis and tumor growth remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of statin-mediated tumor growth and(More)
Osteolytic bone disease in multiple myeloma (MM) is associated with upregulated osteoclast activity. Macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) is crucially involved in the development of osteolytic bone lesions in MM. We previously reported that minodronate inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced MIP-1α secretion in mouse myeloma cells. However, it remains(More)
Several autocrine soluble factors, including macrophage inflammatory protein-1α and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), promote the survival and growth of multiple myeloma (MM) cells. We hypothesised that inhibition of the TNF-α autocrine loop may enhance the cytotoxic effect of anticancer drugs in MM cell lines. In the present study, a TNF-α-neutralizing(More)
Macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1α) is detected at high concentrations in patients with multiple myeloma. It is thought to play an important role in the etiology of multiple myeloma and osteolysis. Thus, inhibiting MIP-1α expression may be useful in developing therapeutic treatments for multiple myeloma-induced osteolysis. In this study, we(More)
Several autocrine soluble factors, including macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), tumor necrosis factor-α, and hepatocyte growth factor, promote cell survival and growth in multiple myeloma (MM) cells. We hypothesized that inhibition of the MIP-1α autocrine loop may enhance the cytotoxic effect of anticancer drugs in MM cell lines. In the present(More)
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