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Virtual machine monitors (VMMs), including hypervisors, are a popular platform for implementing various security functionalities. However, traditional VMMs require numerous components for providing virtual hardware devices and for sharing and protecting system resources among virtual machines (VMs), enlarging the code size of and reducing the reliability of(More)
Executable content poses a threat of unauthorized access because it contains program code running on the user's machine. Protecting against executable content is difficult because of the inevitable flaws in the implementation of protection mechanisms. This paper introduces a hierarchical protection model to tolerate flaws in protection mechanisms. This(More)
Polyamidoamine dendrimers having poly(ethylene glycol) grafts were designed as a novel drug carrier which possesses an interior for the encapsulation of drugs and a biocompatible surface. Poly(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether with the average molecular weight of 550 or 2000 was combined to essentially every chain end of the dendrimer of the third or fourth(More)
With the recent rapid increase in interactive Web applications that employ back-end database services, an SQL injection attack has become one of the most serious security threats. The SQL injection attack allows an attacker to access the underlying database, execute arbitrary commands at intent, and receive a dynamically generated output, such as HTML Web(More)
The usefulness of pH-sensitive fusogenic polymer-(succinylated poly(glycidol)-(SucPG-) modified liposomes as a vaccine carrier in the induction of immune responses was evaluated. Mice were intraperitoneally immunized with ovalbumin- (OVA-) containing SucPG-modified liposomes. After immunization, significant OVA-specific antibodies were detected in the(More)
A sequential polypeptide, poly(Glu-Aib-Leu-Aib) (Aib represents 2-aminoisobutyric acid), was synthesized and the pH-dependence of fusogenic activity of the polypeptide was studied. The polypeptide was designed to take amphiphilic structure upon the formation of alpha-helix. Circular dichroism spectra of the polypeptide showed a negative Cotton effect with(More)
Graphics processing units (GPUs) provide orders-of-magnitude speedup for compute-intensive data-parallel applications. However, enterprise and cloud computing domains, where resource isolation of multiple clients is required, have poor access to GPU technology. This is due to lack of operating system (OS) support for vir-tualizing GPUs in a reliable manner.(More)