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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine the effect of hydration with magnesium and mannitol without furosemide on the nephrotoxocity accompanying combination chemotherapy using cisplatin and pemetrexed in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Fifty patients with NSCLC who received cisplatin plus pemetrexed, using(More)
Recent studies showed KIT gene aberrations in a substantial number of melanomas on acral skin and mucosa, suggesting the therapeutic benefit of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as imatinib. We therefore examined the expression and mutations of KIT in 4 primary and 24 metastatic acral and mucosal melanomas. Immunohistochemistry revealed moderate or strong(More)
Melanocytic nevi are thought to be senescent clones of melanocytes that have acquired an oncogenic BRAF mutation. BRAF mutation is considered to be a crucial step in the initiation of melanocyte transformation. However, using immunomagnetic separation or laser-capture microdissection, we examined BRAF mutations in sets of approximately 50 single cells(More)
PURPOSE To isolate cancer testis antigens that are expressed in pancreatic cancers and may be useful in clinical applications. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To efficiently isolate cancer testis antigens, a testis cDNA library was immunoscreened (SEREX) with serum from a patient with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The expression of isolated antigens in various(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been successfully used to treat patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR mutations. However, despite an initial excellent response, recurrence within one or two years is common. Diagnosis and treatment of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM), a form of(More)
Cancer-induced immunosuppression is a major problem reducing antitumor effects of immunotherapies, but its molecular mechanism has not been well understood. We evaluated immunosuppressive roles of activated Wnt/β-catenin pathways in human melanoma for dendritic cells (DCs) and CTLs. IL-10 expression was associated with β-catenin accumulation in human(More)
Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a master gene regulating differentiation of melanocytes, and a lineage survival oncogene mediating pro-proliferative function in malignant melanoma. However, high expression of MITF also has an anti-proliferative effect. To clarify the therapeutic implication of MITF as a molecular target for human(More)
BACKGROUND Although N-ERC/mesothelin (N-ERC) is an attractive diagnostic and treatment monitoring biomarker for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), its clinical utility for predicting the prognosis has not yet been clarified. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the serum N-ERC level can accurately predict the outcome in patients with MPM. (More)
OBJECTIVE A multicenter study (six Rosai hospitals around Japan) was performed to investigate the diagnostic value of changes in finger systolic blood pressure (FSBP) after segmental local cooling for vibration-induced white finger (VWF). METHODS Subjects were 154 men without exposure to vibration and 135 men with occupational vibration exposure. They(More)
From October 2006 to September 2007, we collected the specimen from 356 patients with lower respiratory tract infections in 14 institutions in Japan, and investigated the susceptibilities of isolated bacteria to various antibacterial agents and patients' characteristics. Of 414 strains that were isolated from specimen (mainly from sputum) and assumed to be(More)