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In the industrial production of bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass, a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that can ferment xylose in the presence of inhibitors is of utmost importance. The recombinant, industrial-flocculating S. cerevisiae strain NAPX37, which can ferment xylose, was used as the parent to delete the gene encoding(More)
Alkylhydroperoxides in oxidized oil are undesirable components because they become alkylperoxyl radicals (ROO) in the presence of heme, hemoglobin, or myoglobin in red meat. ROO are biochemically reactive and damage nucleic acids and proteins, thereby harming living cells. We isolated a component, a highly potent ROO scavenger, from crude canola oil(More)
In the present study, nonduplicate, clinical isolates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp, and Proteus mirabilis were collected during a 10-year period from 2000 to 2009 at several hospitals in the Kinki region, Japan. The detection rate of E coli markedly increased from 0.24% to 7.25%. The detection rate of(More)
Traditional Japanese medicine uses the leaves of Kumaizasa bamboo extracted in hot water at 100°C. For this study, we developed a new, 'vigorous' extraction method involving steps at 100, 121 and 196°C. This procedure not only yielded greater amounts of extract but also with significant increase in immunostimulating activity, which induces activation of(More)
Although concentrated sulfuric acid saccharification is not a novel method for breaking down lignocellulosic biomass, the process by which saccharification affects biomass decomposition, sugar recovery, and by-product generation is not well studied. The present study employed Taguchi experimental design to study the effects of seven parameters on corn(More)
Industrial yeast strains with good xylose fermentation ability and inhibitor tolerance are important for economical lignocellulosic bioethanol production. The flocculating industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain NAPX37, harboring the xylose reductase–xylitol dehydrogenase (XR-XDH)–based xylose metabolic pathway, displayed efficient xylose fermentation(More)
Lignocellulosic hydrolysates used for bioethanol production contain a mixture of sugars, with xylose being the second most abundant after glucose. Since xylose is not a natural substrate for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, recombinant S. cerevisiae strongly prefers glucose over xylose, and the fermentation rate and ethanol yield with xylose are both lower than(More)
Production of ethanol from xylose by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae is suboptimal with slow fermentation rate, compared with that from glucose. In this study, a strain-expressing Scheffersomyces stipitis xylose reductase–xylitol dehydrogenase (XR-XDH) pathway was subjected to adaptive evolution on xylose; this approach generated populations with the(More)
We determined the genome sequence of industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain NAM34-4C, which would be useful for bioethanol production. The approximately 11.5-Mb draft genome sequence of NAM34-4C will provide remarkable insights into metabolic engineering for effective production of bioethanol from biomass.
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